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来源:飞度技术健康家园    发布时间:2019年01月18日 01:20:51    编辑:admin         

FLASH知性英语:Brother John本作品来自英语帮帮网(www.english88.com),版权归英语帮帮网所有. /200703/11585。

A group of children in a village in southwest China are getting some attention for their commute to school.中国西南地区一群往返学校的孩子正受到关注。The boarding school children have to climb down more than 2,500 feet of incredibly steep terrain to get to school. Global Times reports the kids go up the mountain to visit home about twice a month. And according to China Daily, the trip can be dangerous. A villager in his 40s recently died making the trip.这些寄宿学校的孩子不得不攀爬2500英尺高非常陡峭的悬崖去上学。环球时报报道,孩子们每月上山回家两次。据中国日报,途中是很危险的。一名40多岁的村民最近坠崖身亡。Global Times reports urban residents were shocked to learn about the kids#39; dangerous commute, highlighting the divide between urban and rural China.全球时报报道,城市居民对孩子们的危险往返感到震惊,突显中国城市和农村间的鸿沟。Since the schoolchildren#39;s trek has gained some media attention, local government might be intervening.学生们的长途跋涉已经引起媒体的关注,地方政府可能会介入。Chinese outlets say local officials are considering putting in place sturdier steel infrastructure to help villagers get up and down the mountain until a more permanent solution is found. 中国媒体称,在找到更永久的解决方案前,当地官员正考虑建立坚固的钢基础设施帮助村民上下山。译文属。 Article/201605/446287。

Conversation A : Buying Tickets?MALE: Good morning.?MARTIN: Good morning. I want to buy a train ticket to Baltimore. What time is the train?MALE: There is a train at four-fifteen. There is another train at six forty-five.MARTIN: I want the six forty-five train. What time does it arrive in Baltimore?MALE: At eight-thirty. Here you are.?FEMALE: Good afternoon. May I help youMARTIN: Hello. I want to buy some tickets to the concert.FEMALE: What night do you wantMARTIN: Next Wednesday please.?FEMALE: How many tickets do you wantMARTIN: I want four tickets.?FEMALE: I don't have tickets for Wednesday night. Do you want another night?MARTIN: Do you have tickets for Thursday nightFEMALE: Let me see. Yes, I have four tickets for Thursday nightMARTIN: Where are the seatsFEMALE: Look here. They are right here.?MARTIN: That's very good. I want those tickets. What time is the concertFEMALE: At eight o'clock.?MARTIN: What time does the concert finishFEMALE: At ten-fifteen. Here are your tickets.?MARTIN: Thanks.?MARTIN: Hello.?MALE: Hi.?MARTIN: I want some tickets for the ball game.?MALE: WhenMARTN: For next week.?MALE: What dayMARTIN: For Sunday.?MALE: Sunday afternoon? ?MARTIN: Yes.?MALE: How manyMARTIN: Three.?MALE: Let me see. OK. I have three tickets for Sunday afternoon.?MARTIN: Where are the seatsMALE: Right here. Behind the batter. Is that OKMARTIN: Good. I want those. What time is the game on SundayMALE: It's at twelve-thirty.?MARTIN: What time does the game finishMALE: I don't know. Maybe it will finish at four or four-thirty.?MARTIN: OK. Thanks.?MALE: Wait! Here are your tickets.?Practice 1: What time (when)用来询问确切的时间。?Example One:MARTIN: What time is the trainMALE: At four-fifteen.MARTIN: What time does it arrive in BaltimoreMALE: At eight-thirty.?MARTIN: What time is the concertFEMALE: At eight o'clock.?MARTIN: What time does the concert finishFEMALE: At ten- fifteen.?MARTIN: What time is the game on SundayMALE: At twelve-thirty.?MARTIN: What time does the game finishMALE: At four or four-thirty.?Example Two:MARTIN: I'm going to the concert on Thursday.?FEMALE: What time is the concert会话A : 买票?男 :早上好。?马 丁:早上好,我想买张去巴尔的的火车票。火车是几点的男 :4点15分有一趟,6点45分还有一趟。?马 丁:我要坐6点45分那趟火车,什么时间到达巴尔的男 :八点半。给你票。?女 :下午好,你要买票吗马 丁:你好,我想买几张音乐会的票。?女 :你要哪天晚上的马 丁:请要下周三的女 :你要买多少张票马 丁:我买4张票。?女 :我没有周三晚上的票,你要另外一个晚上的票吗马 丁:你有周四晚上的票吗女 :让我看看。有,我有四张周四晚上的票,你要吗马 丁:什么座位女 :看这,座位就在这儿。?马 丁:那很好,我就要那些票了。音乐会什么时间开始女 :8点。?马 丁:音乐会什么时间结束女 :10点15分。给你票。?马 丁:谢谢。?马 丁:你好。?男 :你好。?马 丁:我想买几张球票。?男 :什么时间的马 丁:下周的。?男 :哪一天的马 丁:星期天的。?男 :星期天下午吗马 丁:是的。?男 :多少张马 丁:3张。?男 :让我看看。好的,我有3张星期天下午的票,你要吗马 丁:什么座位男 :就在这儿,出球手的后面,可以吗马 丁:好,我要了。星期天的球赛是在什么时间男 :12点半。?马 丁:球赛什么时间结束男 :我说不准,可能在4点或4点30分结束。?马 丁:好吧,谢谢。?男 :等一下,给你票。?Conversation B?FEMALE: Good afternoon. May I help youMARTIN: Yes, please. I want to buy a ticket for the movie.FEMALE: For todayMARTIN: Yes. What time is the movieFEMALE: At two o'clock, four o'clock, seven-thirty, and nine-fifteen.?MARTIN: I want a ticket for four o'clock.?FEMALE: How manyMARTIN: Only one.?FEMALE: For todayMARTIN: Yes, for today, at four o'clock.?FEMALE: I'm sorry. I don't have any tickets for four o'clock. Do you want another timeMARTIN: What time do you have tickets forFEMALE: Two o'clock and nine-fifteen. Do you want a ticketMARTIN: No, thank you.?FEMALE2: Hi. ?MARTIN: Hello. I want to buy a ticket for the movie. Do you have any tickets?FEMALE2: Yes, I do. What time do you wantMARTIN: What time is the movieFEMALE2: Twelve-thirty, three-fifteen, five-thirty, eight o'clock, and ten o'clock, What time do you wantMARTIN: Five-thirty.?FEMALE2: Which movie do you want? ?MARTIN: PardonFEMALE2: Which movie do you want? There are three movies.?MARTIN: I don't know.?MALE: May I help youMARTIN: Do you have tickets for tonightMALE: No, I don't.?MARTIN: When do you have tickets for? ?MALE: I have tickets for next week.?MARTIN: Which day? ?MALE: Tuesday night.MARTIN: Who is playing next weekMALE: Baltimore and New York.?MARTIN: What time is the gameMALE: It's at eight o'clock.?MARTIN: What time does the game finishMALE: It sometimes finishes at ten or ten -thirty.?MARTIN: Do you have three ticketsMALE: Of course. Do you want three ticketsMARTIN: Yes. Where are the seatsMALE: Here. Or here. Or here. Which seats do you wantMARTIN: Right here. That's very good. I want three tickets.?MALE: OK. Wait a minute.?MALE2: Good evening.?MARTIN: Good evening. I want to buy a ticket.?MALE2: Where are you goingMARTIN: I'm going to Philadelphia. What time is the train to PhiladelphiaMALE2: The next train is at two forty-five.?MARTIN: I'm not going today. What time is the train tomorrow.?MALE2: At two forty-five. The train to Philadelphia is at two forty-five every day.MARTIN: Is that the only trainMALE2: No.?MARTIN: What time are the other trainsMALE2: At six-fifteen in the morning. At two forty-five in the afternoon. And ten-thirty at night. Do you want a ticketMARTIN: I don't want a ticket today. Thanks.?MALE2: You're welcome.?Practice 2:用 what time 询问确切时间。?Examples: MARTIN: What time is the movieWhat time do you have tickets forFEMALE: What time do you wantMARTIN: What time is the gameWhat time does the game finish会话B?女 :下午好,我能为你做些什么马 丁:是的。我想买张电影票。?女 :今天的吗马 丁:对,电影是什么时间开演女 :两点,4点,7点30分,还有9点15分。?马 丁:我买一张4点的票。?女 :多少张马 丁:只要一张。?女 :今天的吗马 丁:对,今天的,4点的。?女 :对不起,我没有4点的票了,你要另外时间的票吗马 丁:你有什么时间的票。?女 :两点钟和9点15分的。你要一张吗马 丁:不要了,谢谢。?女 二:你好。?马 丁:你好,我要买张电影票,你还有票吗女 二:是的,有。你要几点的马 丁:电影都有几点的女 二:12:30、3:15、5:30、8点,还有10点的。你要几点的马 丁:5点半。?女 二:你要哪部电影的票马 丁:对不起,请再说一遍。?女 二:你要哪部电影的票?有3部电影。?马 丁:我不知道。?男 :能为你效劳吗马 丁:你有今晚的票吗男 :没有。?马 丁:你有什么时间的票男 :我有下周的票。?马 丁:哪一天的男 :星期二晚上的。?马 丁:下周谁参加比赛男 :巴尔的队和纽约队。?马 丁:比赛是什么时间男 :8点。?马 丁:比赛什么时间结束男 :有时10点结束,有时10点30分结束。?马 丁:你有3张票吗男 :当然有,你要3张票吗马 丁:是的,座位在哪儿男 :这里,或这里,或这里。你要哪些座位马 丁:就这里,那很好,我要3张票。?男 :好的,稍候。?男 二:晚上好。?马 丁:晚上好,我要买张票。?男 二:到哪儿马 丁:到费城,去费城的火车是几点男 二:下趟火车2点45分。?马 丁:我不是今天去,明天的火车是几点男 二:2点45分,去费城的火车是每天2点45分。?马 丁:只有那么一趟吗男 二:不是。?马 丁:其它的火车是什么时间男 二:早上6点15分,下午3点45和晚上10点30分。你想买1张吗马 丁:我今天不想买票,谢谢。?男 二:不用客气。New Words and Expressions 生词和短语?ticket n. 票?batter n. 击球手?Proper Nouns 专有名词?Philadelphia 费城?Language Points 语言要点?ticket 的基本含义是“票,券;入场券;车票”。对话中出现了 train ticket(火车票),与 ticket 有关的常用名词词组还有: plane ticket(机票),one-way ticket(单程票),round-trip ticket(往返程票),monthly ticket(月票),platform ticket(站台票),through ticket(通票),ticket office(售票处),ticket agency(票代售处)。?ticket 后常用介词有 to 和 for,一般表示“去某处的票”时,用 to;表示“何时或何事的票”时,常用 for。例如:train ticket to Baltimore, tickets to the concert, tickets for Wednesday, tickets for the ball game, tickets for the movie, ticket for four o'clock.?Cultural Notes 文化注释美国国产电影分成不同的类别。G代表 general admission,即任何人都可看;PG代表 parental guidance,即小孩要看此类电影必须家长同意;R代表 restricted,18岁以下的青少年要看此类电影必须跟父母同去;X代表X-rated,18岁以下未成年人禁止看此类电影。美国电影之所以要分类是因为许多电影有暴力、恐怖及有关性方面的不健康内容,不适于未成年人看。? /200602/3402。

Currie and his team pounced on this unique site and started digging. And it was worth it.Currie和他的研究小组赶到这个地点,开始挖掘。他们得到了回报What they found were the remains of several giant tyrannosaurs, all together in one place.他们发现数只暴龙的遗骸都埋在同一个地方One after another, they kept unearthing the bones of these huge carnivores dinosaurs.他们一具接着一具地挖出这些巨型食肉动物的骨骼I don#39;t know if Brown actually ever did a head count, but the minimum number of animals in this quarry is definitely 12.我不知道Brown以前有没有数过,化石场中的恐龙数量确切的说是12只12 large meat-eating dinosaurs buried in the same place. It was an unprecedented find.12只大型食肉恐龙埋在同一个地方,这是一个史无前例的发现Phil Currie had found the site that he had dreamed of. But there was more.Philip Currie找到了他做梦都想找到的地方,但是这里还有更大的惊喜As they examined the bones they had collected,他们检测挖出的骨骼后发现it was clear that the dinosaurs they had excavated were of every age, from babies up to fully mature adults.这些恐龙显然包括了各个年龄层,从小恐龙到成年恐龙It looked like a pack.看起来像是一个族群The range of material is such that we can see that the smallest individual found in the bone bed was about four meters long.我们从化石场挖出的标本中最小的个体大约有4米长And the largest individual found in the bone bed is about 11 meters long. So it#39;s a pretty big range in size for this animal.最大的约有11米长。可见体型变化幅度很大They had found a whole pack of tyrannosaurs.他们找到了一个恐龙家族Here at last was proof to carry that the giant meat-eaters were not solitary creatures, that the traditional image was wrong.这些据至少说明,大型食肉恐龙并不是独居动物,传统的观念是错误的Instead, the mega-carnivores may really have lived and hunted in groups.相反,大型食肉恐龙很可能是在一起生活和狩猎If that was true, then down in South America,倘若这是事实,再回想一下南美洲packs of Giganotosaurus might indeed have attacked prey as enormous as the immense Argentinosaurus.一群南方巨兽龙很可能也会攻击像阿根廷龙这般巨大的猎物。 Article/201612/482997。

英语对话Flash [7] /200705/13068。

All right Procrastination. Let#39;s talk about it. It#39;s a big topic. And by the way we all face it.拖延症是本次节目的话题是个很大的话题 而且我们每个人都会有这个毛病It is a ever present evergreen issue for a reason and even the people you see on magazine covers,它能够成为常谈常新的话题不是没有原因的 甚至你在杂志封面上看到的人物都会有这个问题most of them, there are a few mutants, but they all have things they put off.他们大多数都会将一些事情推迟去做 不过也存在几个特例 他们可能从不拖延And there are a few different tactics, approaches that I found very helpful这里有几个很有用的方法和策略that I#39;ve borrowed from, whether it#39;s guests on the Tim FerrissShow or people I interviewed for Tools of Titans my newest book, here we go. So down the list.我从Tim Ferriss的节目嘉宾那里以及我为新书《巨人的工具》所采访的人那里学到的下面开讲方法清单So one is break it down into the smallest action conceivable.第一就是化整为零And there are a few different types here.可细分为若干种情况So if you have a macro goal, which is double the number of podcast downloads per episode. All right.所以如果你有个宏伟的目标是想让你播客的下载量增加一倍 好I#39;m just giving that as an example.我只是举个例子而已Well, we need to modify that to make it really actionable.那么我们需要调整它 使它更真正切实可行The first is making it hyper, hyper specific so we need a timeline at the very least.首先要使它变得超级具体 因而我们至少需要一条时间线So let#39;s say within six months doubling, and this is a real example for me, doubling the number of podcast downloads.比如 在六个月内翻番 让播客的下载翻番 对我来说这是个真实的例子Well, downloads are ongoing so by what point in time?下载是永不停止的 在那个时间点计算下载量呢All right, I want to double the number of podcast downloads per episode by week six after publication and I want to accomplish that within six months. All right.好的 我想要视频上线后 到第六周每集客下载量的数字翻倍 我想要在6个月内达成这个目标 很好And then we can borrow from David Allen and just ask what are some of the prerequisites, the component pieces of doing that?于是乎我们可以借鉴David Allen 达成这个目标 需要什么先决条件?Let#39;s break it out into say content and organic.先让我们来说一下内容以及结构You could have it paid acquisition, you make a long list of these potential buckets of activities.你能办到 通过将一系列可能要进行的活动列一个长长列表From there you would look at next physical actions, and this is directly from getting things done.当你做完这些事情后 你可以很直接的知道你下一步 具体要做什么And you could apply that to any number of these, let#39;s just say it#39;s ten buckets你可以把这个方法运用到你任务清单中的任意数字 我们假设有十件事but you would ask yourself, this is a question I ask myself very often你可以问自己一个问题 这个问题在我因为when I#39;m procrastinating because there is indecision, and this is a particular breed of procrastination.犹豫不决而拖延的时候会经常问到我自己 当然犹豫不决也是拖延的一种In other words if I have ten things on my to do list or ten potential products I could pursue what to do in that situation?这个问题就是 如果我的代办清单上有十件事情 或者有十件我可以买的东西 那么我该做什么?And what I ask myself is which one of these if done will make the rest the relevant or easier?我会问我自己这些事情中哪些事情完成之后会使得其他的事情变得相关联或者做起来更加简单This is a key question I ask all the time, which one of these will make all the rest easier to do if done first,这个问题很重要 我一直在这样问自己 先做哪件事情会使得其他的事情变得更简单or all the rest irrelevant, don#39;t even need to do them.或者是让剩下的事情变得不相关 从而不用去做That is how I will hone in on one piece of the puzzle.这就是我面对这个难题时不断细化深入的方法And this can be applied all over the place.这个方法可以运用到所有的领域But let#39;s just say it#39;s the doubling podcast, it could be losing weight, you can see that#39;s very, very amorphous.我们刚刚说的是播客下载量翻倍 我们也可以讨论减肥这个是非常非常灵活的We need timelines. We need an amount to lose. And then you want to make it as small as possible.我们需要时间线 需要减掉的确切重量 然后尽可能地把它细化So I#39;ll give you a different example.现在我举一个不同的例子If you want to start flossing your teeth, who likes flossing their teeth? Pretty much nobody.如果你想开始洁牙 谁会喜欢洁牙 几乎没人喜欢吧So how do you start flossing your teeth?那么你要怎么开始洁牙呢?Well, you want to make it as easy as possible to develop as part of your routine,首先你要尽可能地让它成为日常生活中的一部分to make it as automatic as anything else that you do consistently.成为你的生活习惯And you could borrow from the say BJ Fogg who#39;s done a lot of research at Stanford你可以引用曾经在斯坦福大学和其他地方做过大量研究的BJ Fogg的一句话and elsewhere, make it as small as possible, meaning in the beginning do less than you#39;re capable of doing.”让它尽可能的小” 意思是刚开始你要做的比你能做的事情要少So this is another key when you think something is too big or onerous, so it#39;s too intimidating or it#39;s too much of a pain in the ass. All right.这就是关键 尤其当你认为一些任务太大或太艰巨所以太吓人或太痛苦的时候So for flossing you might say I#39;m only going to floss my front two teeth. That#39;s three gaps.所以对于洁牙,你可能会说我打算清洁我的两颗门牙 这里有三条缝That#39;s all you#39;re going to do. And you want to make it, again, as easy as possible.那是你需要去做的东西 你需要让它尽可能的简单So you might use a WaterPik or you might use those disposable flossing gadgets所以你可能需要用到洁碧或者一次性的洁牙小器具so you don#39;t have to do tourniquets on your fingers, which is also one of the side effects of flossing that deters people.这样你就不用拿着止血带 当然要用止血带也是阻止我们洁牙的一个副作用Make it as easy as possible. Now this applies to a lot more than flossing.尽可能地让它简单 这个可以运用到比洁牙更多的领域So I#39;ve talked to many of the people for say Tools of Titans,因此为了《巨人的工具》我跟很多人聊过people who are eight time New York Times best-selling authors or prolific musicians, prolific music producers这些人都是 纽约时报的畅销作家 或是着名音乐家 歌曲创作者like Rick Rubin who is legendary, and it all comes down to tiny homework assignments.比如传奇制作人里克鲁宾 所有这些都是千里之行始于足下So Rick if he has a stuck artist, for instance, he will say can you get me one word or one line像如果里克鲁宾有一个艺术家突然没灵感时 他会说你明天工作的时候能给我你正在创作的这首歌that you might like for this song that you#39;re working on by tomorrow, is that possible?你可能喜欢的一个词或是一段谱子吗 这可能吗?Many, many homework assignments.划分成很多的任务才是关键So with the creative project in the beginning that#39;s one所以在一开始就制定合适的计划是It#39;s related to a piece of advice that I got from Neil Strauss, eight times New York times我从尼尔·斯特劳斯那里得到的建议之一 尼尔·斯特劳斯是best selling author, he has written for The New York Times, he#39;s written for Rolling Stone纽约时报畅销作者 他曾为纽约时报和滚石杂志撰稿Magazine, and that is lower your standards.他给出的建议是 降低你的标准So he doesn#39;t believe in writer#39;s block.所以他从不相信作家说的日更万字之类的誓言He says your standards are just too high.他说你的标准太高了You#39;re creating performance anxiety for yourself.你为你自己带来了行动上的焦虑So the advice that I got from another writer, which matches with that, is two crappy pages per day.所以我从另一个作家那里得到的和他匹配的建议是 每天坚持写 两页书So a lot of people are like I#39;m going to kill it. I need an ambitious goal.所以大部分人都是 我一定完成它 我需要一个雄心勃勃的目标Let me do 1500 words, 2000 words per day for this book I#39;m working on.我要为我的书每天写1500字 2000字Well, there is a very high probability that you#39;re going to fall short of that好吧 这样很大的可能你会只进行了一小半你就感到泄气and then you will get demoralized, then you will get intimidated by the task and then you#39;ll start procrastinating.然后你会对任务感到害怕 随后 你会开始拖延So make the hurdle, make the success threshold really, really low.所以 将障碍和成功的门槛设置的低一些 再低一些That#39;s what I#39;ve done for my last three books is two crappy pages per day. That#39;s all I need.我最后的三本书就是通过每天写两页来完成的 这就是我需要做的一切If I don#39;t end up using them that#39;s fine I just need to get out two crappy pages. What ends up happening?如果我没有做到 那也没关系 我只需要放弃这两页 只是两页没写结果能有什么变化?With the flossing, with the writing, with say exercise,洁牙 写作 锻炼等都很适用if you#39;re going to exercise you#39;re making a New Year#39;s Resolution, don#39;t make it an hour a day four times a week, no,如果你新年的决心是准备开始锻炼 这时不要制定一天一小时啊一周四次啊的强度no, no, and if you don#39;t have an exercise habit five to ten minutes at the gym three times a week, plenty.且如果你没有锻炼的习惯 那每周去三次体育馆 每次坚持5到10分钟就足够了And in all those cases you will feel successful because you#39;ve checked your box for success在这些例子里你会感到非常成功因为你每次都成功的做到了预定的事情and then very often you will exceed that for extra credit.且经常会因为额外的信心而超额完成You#39;ll be like oh I#39;m aly at the gym I#39;ll go for an extra ten minutes.你可能会想我已经在体育馆了 我要再跑十分钟Well, I#39;m aly flossing my teeth I#39;ll do an extra four.好吧 我已经清理了我的牙齿 我想再清理几颗Well, I#39;ve aly hit my two pages but I#39;m feeling great and I#39;m in the flow, maybe I#39;ll do ten, maybe I#39;ll do 20.我已经完成两页书了 但是我感觉很棒 并且灵感也来了 可能我还能再完成十页 甚至二十页But it prevents you from feeling like a failure. This is very, very important.它不会让你感觉自己很失败 这非常 非常重要That is what derails a lot of people and it also makes the task list intimidating.就是因为这 才让许多人半途而废并且让任务清单困难的吓人So those are a few recommendations for avoiding procrastination. Some of them are time related.以上是抵制拖延的一些建议 有一些是与时间有关So if you are looking at a task, and we#39;ve aly talked about chunking it down,所以当你面对任务时 我们已经讨论过如何拆分它if it looks gigantic an onerous and you calculate in your mind如果这个任务巨大而又繁重well that#39;s probably going to take me a hundred hours or three weeks, however you look at it, you don#39;t take the first step甚至可能会消耗你几百个小时或者是三周时间 这时候你面对任务时 你不会想迈出第一步because it#39;s like taking a bite out of a whale or something like that.因为那任务难的就像从鲸鱼身上咬下来一块肉 或者类似的事So you can use the technique, for instance, like the pomodoro technique.举个例子 你可以用这个方法 番茄工作法And people have interpreted this in different ways but it effectively means sprints of say 20 to 25.人们对这种方法有不同的解释 但是意思都是专注做一件事情做二十分钟或者二十五分钟Some people do 23 minutes where you#39;re like all right I know I#39;m not going to get this时间可以随你喜好比如23分钟 哦我知道我不会做完这个任务but I#39;m going to sprint for 20 minutes, 25 minutes and then take a five-minute break.但是我可以专心致志的先做20分钟25分钟 然后休息5分钟And then I will sprint again for 20 to 25 minutes.然后我会继续专心20或25分钟And the magic of those time constraints, I#39;ve talked about this a lot has Parkinson#39;s Law,像这种时间约束的魔力 我在帕金森定律中已经谈过许多but the complexity of a task swelling to fill the time that it#39;s allotted.但是一个任务复杂的地方就是它会膨胀以至于沾满你的时间Once you have these positive constraints, which by the way for a creative person, very important to have positive constraints.一旦你有了这些积极的时间约束 顺便说一句对于有创造力的人来说有积极的时间约束非常重要Being able to do anything you want all the time is a recipe for disaster and paralysis and procrastination.总是随心所欲 是拖延症患者的典型特征And I#39;ll talk about one or more constraint that you can apply.接下来我会告诉你们更多的约束方法So you have something like the pomodoro technique.所以你会有更多的类似于番茄工作法的方法If it#39;s email related you can actually use a tool called Email Game.如果是和邮件相关 你可以用一个叫电子邮件游戏的工具I won#39;t go into a long description but emailga.me is the URL. You can check that out.在此不展开介绍 只要知道emailga.me是一个网址 你可以试用一下It avoids the inbox view and forces you to answer sequentially.它会让你看不到你的收件箱 然后再让你一封接一封的回复邮件So I#39;ll let people check that out.所以我希望人们都能试用一下That will probably cut down your email clearing time by 40 percent or so.它会大幅度的缩减你回复邮件的时间 甚至能减少40%左右The next way that you can apply positive constraint is by building in incentives and consequences.下一个比较好的约束方法是设立奖惩机制All this means is make yourself socially accountable.这主要是让你自己有更好的社会责任感And you can use a site like Stickk.com, you can use Coach.me,你可以用这些网站如 Stickk.com Coach.mehaving someone else to hold your feet to the fire and keep you accountable for whatever goal you#39;ve set for yourself.这样可以有其他人监督你防止你懒散堕落 并且能激励你重拾梦想完成目标That could be a check in via phone, it could be a bet, so a financial component, which is very effect.比如通过打卡记录 或是和别人的赌约这种涉及到金钱的方法非常有效I#39;ve seen high ranking folks at Google lose a hundred plus pounds我曾经在谷歌排行榜上看到一个人因为和别人的打赌然后失去了一百多英镑because they had a bet with a friend, this is what got them started, their gym bodies if someone didn#39;t show up他和朋友打赌如果谁没有晒出健身房的身材照they had to pay the other person a dollar.谁就给其他人每人一美元So it#39;s incredible what a small amount of money can do.这真难以相信是从这么小的数字开始的You could also put together a betting pool say five people each put in 0 and the person你也可以定个规则说 五个人每人出100美元who loses the most of body fat or improves their body fat percentage using say DEXA Scan by the end of the first-quarter gets the 0.然后在第一个季度末 谁的体重掉的最多或是体脂率最健康谁就可以得到这500美元That is hugely, hugely effective.这会有很大很大的效果And I think in part not because the money you will win but the money you will lose.而且我觉得你可能不怎么关心你能得到多少 但你肯定很关心你会失去多少钱People will work a lot harder to counteract loss eversion it turns out.人们为了减少损失会更努力的去工作 有时候还能因此得到意外惊喜So those are a few things that you could utilize.以上就是我们能用到的一些方法And I#39;ll give you one kind of wacky one that is from Mike Birbiglia who#39;s one of the most successful comedians on the planet,下面我再给你们介绍一个来自迈克·比尔比利亚 听起来有点古怪的方法 他是世界着名喜剧演员has done tons of TV, tons of movies and is fantastic at standup, lot with This American Life.他已经拍了很多电视剧和电影 在脱口秀上也颇有成就 而且多次参加《美国人生》And when he was procrastinating working on his screenplay, his latest screenplay,当他编他最新剧本的时候他也会犯拖延症we noticed that when he was accountable to someone else he had a meeting he was never late, he was always early.我们能发现当他要和别人开会的时候他从来不会迟到But when he had a commitment to himself to write he might put it off for hours.但是当他着手写自己的剧本的时候可能会拖延几个小时So he took a Post-it and he put it next to his bed, and this sounds ludicrous,这时候他会在他的床边上贴个便利贴 这听起来很滑稽but it said, Mike, and I think it was three exclamation points,但上面写着 迈克 三个感叹号you have a meeting with yourself at 7:00 a.m. at café whatever it was where he intended to work and that actually for whatever weird quirk of human psychology got him to stay on track for his meeting with himself to write his screenplay.无论这看起来 多么滑稽多么怪癖 但的确能把他带回正轨奋力写剧本的正轨So that#39;s another Jedi mind trick that you might try on yourself.这是另一个你可以试试的小把戏There are many tools in the toolkit but keep it small, keep it defined, rig it这里提供了很多方法 化整为零 定义明确 制定能够顺利完成的任务so you can win and when in doubt figure out a way to create a loss or shame还有当你想拖延时想出一个奖惩机制 让你能够为了减少损失而更努力的去工作if you don#39;t actually tackle your task and achieve some type of measurable goal by a specific point in time.以及通过特定的奇怪的方法来达成你的目标等等 Article/201706/513496。

This is an interesting painting and I want you to just take a look at it for a few seconds before we talk about it.这是一幅很有趣的画 我想在我们讨论它之前 让你先观察几秒I#39;ve looked at this painting a thousand times.我已经看了一千遍这幅画了I use it in my classes, I#39;ve seen it in art museums when it#39;s been on view and there are so many subtleties.我把它应用在课堂上 当它展览的时候我也在艺术物馆里见到过 这里有太多的细微之处可供探究But one of the assumptions that I made, not as an art historian不以艺术史学者身份 而仅仅是以艺术品观赏者身份 我曾有过这样一个猜想but just a viewer of art is that what I was looking at on the plate was a piece of meat like a piece of ham with and eye in the center.那就是碟子上我所见到的是一片肉像是一片正中央有着眼睛的火腿片And when I first showed it at one of my classes I said okay who#39;s going to tell me what they?see后来当我第一次在班里展示这幅画时 我说 好 现在谁能跟我说说你看到了什么and someone raised his hand and said that#39;s a big old pancake on the plate.有学生举手说他看到有一块变质的大煎饼在盘子里And I would have never considered that it was a pancake.我从没想过那是一块煎饼Is it a material distinction? Maybe, maybe not.这是材质之间的区别吗 有可能 但也有可能不是But he was so sure that it was a pancake and I was so sure that it was a piece of meat,但是他确定那是一块煎饼 同时我则确信那是一片肉while it might seem like a really subtle distinction it#39;s not if you think about something like eyewitness testimony.然而这区别看起来相当微妙 而若你考虑到像人词这样的情景时就不再是微妙的区别了Well, he was wearing a red sweater.比如 他那时穿着一件红色的毛衣No, he was wearing a blue sweater. That#39;s a big difference.不 他那时穿着一件蓝色的毛衣 那就是一个巨大的差别And one of the things that reminded me of the Magritte painting这幅玛格丽特的油画使我想到发生在德州的一个犯罪现场there was a crime scene in Texas and they were speaking to a witness and they said what did he look like?警员正在与人进行交流 询问嫌疑人的体貌特征What did the suspect look like?到底嫌疑人的体貌特征是怎样的And the witness said he had a cowboy hat on.人说他戴着一顶“牛仔帽”So everyone was looking, and in Texas lots of people wear ten-gallon hats.于是所有人都在找一个戴着“牛仔帽”的人 而德州的人多是戴“牛仔沿帽”So they were looking for a suspect with a cowboy hat on.于是大家都是找一个戴着(有帽沿的)“牛仔帽”的嫌疑人Well, it turns out the suspect was wearing a Dallas Cowboys cap.那么 结果发现是嫌疑人戴的是一顶达拉斯牛仔帽(注:跟德州的不一样,达拉斯的是有帽舌)So the choice of words it wasn#39;t a cowboy hat it was a Dallas Cowboys hat.所以正确的词应该是一顶达拉斯牛仔帽 而不是牛仔帽The idea of saying what you see and being sure about what you say that#39;s how communication lines can get crossed.如何表述你所见以及确信你所言会影响交流能否顺利得到And another interesting thing about that Magritte painting that I found fascinating, one of the wonderful things about writing the book is people write to you.而我从玛格丽特的画中发现很美妙的另一件事是和写书有关的一件妙事是读者会给你写信They your book and they send you their own observations他们在读过你的书之后 会告诉你他们自己的发现and I received an email from a woman who said has anyone ever told you我曾经收到过一位女士的电邮 说之前是否有看这幅画的人告诉你when they look at that painting and describe it to you that the fork to the right of the plate is turned upside down and the tines are facing into the table.盘子右边的叉子是反着放的叉子的尖儿对着桌子I had never noticed that.我从没注意过这点I had a look at the painting a thousand times.这幅油画我看过上千遍And again, material difference?又来了 这是材质的区别吗?No. Critical? No. Important? Yes.不是 吹毛求疵吗 并不 重要吗 是的It#39;s one of those details because if someone said to me describe the silverware in the painting I would#39;ve said you have a knife and a fork.这就是其中一个极易忽略的细节 因为如果有人请我描述图中的银器我会说图里的是一把刀和一把叉子And sometimes it#39;s those very small details of the tines facing the table that can bring a whole case together有时正是那些像叉子尖儿对着桌子一样极小的细节or crack a case or be that one detail that brings all the other pieces together.能将整个案件化零为整或者破获案件 又或者会是那一个关键细节去使其他所有细节融合起来 Article/201707/516785。

迪斯尼神奇英语全套26集 《迪斯尼神奇英语》(Disney English) 《迪士尼神奇英语》是一套非常精的少儿英语教材。教材中把英语教学中视、听、说几个环节紧密融汇在一起,通过迪士尼卡通形象,营造了足以使孩子们理解、接受所要教授内容的环境,使您的孩子在观赏精的迪士尼画面的同时,在妙趣横生的情节中,轻松自然的学会日常英语会话,培养“语感”,提高和改进孩子的语音和语调,让您的孩子终身受益。 /200706/14551。

When I think about life, I think about so many different things当我思考生活时,我想到许多不同的因素that can factor into winning the day, winning the year, winning the game.影响着今天的胜利,今年的胜利,整个人生这场比赛的胜利。The five rules that I live by are confidence.我赖以生存的五条规则就是自信。Honestly, I think self-esteem and confidence is the ultimate drug in society老实说,我认为自尊和自信是社会的终极良药,and keeps most of us away from losing scenarios.并且让我们大多数人远离失败。Positive vibes only is a huge one for me.只有积极的氛围对我有巨大作用。It#39;s not ;Positive vibes;, it#39;s ;Positive vibes only.;不是“积极氛围”,而是“只有积极氛围”。And that#39;s because too many people are keeping people around them that are bringing them down.那是因为太多人身边围着的都是消极的人。They#39;re allowing negative energy to dictate their outcome.他们允许负能量来配他们的结果。and I really believe that people have to cut out negative vibes in their environment.我真的觉得人们应该远离环境中的消极气氛。Strengths over weaknesses is a big one for me. I preach this all the time.优点比缺点更重要。我一直宣传这个观点。Triple down on what you#39;re good at.强化你的优点。The world#39;s gonna tell you to fix this, you#39;re not as good at that.世界将会告诉你哪里需要弥补,哪些做得不够好。I just don#39;t believe in that.我只是不认可这一点。Figure out what you#39;re best at and keep crafting that craft.弄清楚你最擅长的是什么,并一直精益求精。Do it over and over and over. Legacy over currency.反复的强化,经过沉淀下来的内在精华要比现在的外在物质重要得多。Understand that in 20, 30, 40, 50 years from now, you#39;re going to care much more about what people thought of you,你要理解20,30,40,50年后,你就会更在意人们对你的看法,what your kids thought of you, what the world thought of you.你孩子对你的看法,世界对你的看法。Did you do it the right away?你要马上做吗?The dollars, the products, the house and the car,金钱、产品、房子和车,whatever, you know, the monetary things that don#39;t matter long term that you#39;re striving for now.从长远来看,你现在为之奋斗的物质方面的东西都不重要。Don#39;t worry about your bank account,不要担心你的存款,worry about how many people show up to your funeral.不要担心多少人会出席你的葬礼,And hustle, my friend. Number 5, hustle.我的朋友,动起来。5号,动起来。If don#39;t work hard, you#39;ve lost.如果你不努力,你就失败了。There#39;s not a single winner on Earth that took it easy.世界上没有一个赢家能轻易成功。There#39;s not a single winner on Earth that didn#39;t hustle 24/7/365.每个赢家都一年365天,每周7天,一天24小时的忙碌着。 Article/201706/515816。

With the stranglehold of the monopolies over, Americans now realize that anything is possible as long as they work together.随着垄断制约的结束 美国人现在意识到 只要他们齐心协力 一切皆有可能The nation is more powerful than ever and that power will soon be needed.国家比以往任何时候都更强大 这种强大很快就派上了用场On a brisk spring morning, two years after the breakup of standard oil, John Rockefeller joins his old rival Andrew Carnegie to mourn the loss of one of their own.标准石油解体两年后 一个清冷春天的早晨 约翰·洛克菲勒跟着老对手安德鲁·卡内基 一起去哀悼一位同辈Less than a month from his seventy-sixth birthday, J.P. Morgan dies in his sleep.离七十六岁生日还有不到一个月的时间 J·P·根在睡梦中去世Morgan leaves such a mark on American finance that the New York Stock Exchange shuts down, an honor normally reserved for the passing of a president.根对美国金融的影响如此之大 以至于纽约券交易所都闭所致敬 这通常是总统才能享受的荣誉J.P. Morgan certainly was the foremost name in banking in terms of creating modern finance... and you can#39;t have a modern economy without a modern, effective functioning banking system.在建立现代金融方面 J·P·根肯定是界最重要的名字 现代化的经济绝对少不了一个现代化的有效运作的体系He was as influential as any of the Titans of that day.他和其他当时的巨人一样拥有巨大的影响力While the old rivals once saw each other as cutthroat competitors now, in their twilight years, the fathers of American business have found a mutual respect.虽然他们将对方看作你死我活的竞争对手 但是在晚年 这些美国商业元老却相互尊重起来 Article/201608/457577。