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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年06月21日 03:26:16
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Two Chinese books have been named the most beautiful book designs in the world in Germany recently.近日,中国两部作品在德国被提名为“世界最美的书”。The ;best book design from all over the world;, organized by the Stiftung Buchkunst, has been held in Leipzig since 1963.由德国图书艺术基金会主办的“世界最美的书”评选活动,自1963年起就在莱比锡举办。The Book of Bugs was awarded a silver medal, and Board Carvings by Leng Bingchuan grabbed an honorary award in the 2017 competition of ;best book design from all over the world;.在2017“世界最美的书”评选中,中国作品《虫子书》获得银奖,而另一部作品《冷冰川墨刻》捧得荣誉奖。They were among a total of 14 winners announced in the German city of Leipzig, beating some 600 books from 32 countries.中国的这两部作品击败了来自32个国家的600部图书,成功入围了在德国莱比锡评选出的14部获奖图书之列。The Book of Bugs, designed by Zhu Yingchun and Huangfu Shanhan, contains no words, but only #39;works#39; by various types of insects: either trails of them crawling by with ink on their feet, or traces left after munching on leaves.《虫子书》一书由朱赢椿、皇甫珊珊设计,全书内页没有文字,由虫子们一幅幅形态各异的#39;作品#39;构成:或是它们脚上沾有墨水在纸张上爬行,或是它们在叶子上啃咬后留下的痕迹。Board Carvings by Leng Bingchuan, designed by Zhou Chen, features a selection of board carvings of Chinese artist Leng Bingchuan, who used knives as brushes to create awe-inspiring art pieces on cardboards.《冷冰川墨刻》则由周晨设计,全书是中国艺术家冷冰川墨刻作品的合集,他用小刀作为画笔在纸板上创造出令人惊叹的艺术作品。 /201703/495930

Although you may aly be thinking about your dinner for the evening, you may not be considering the fact that everything you eat has an impact on your health. We are bombarded with hype saying what --and what not to -- eat daily. Step away from the fancy pills and shakes intended to help your colon and consider the natural, and less expensive, regular food options.尽管你可能已经在想晚上吃什么,但可能不会注意到你吃的所有食物对你的健康有什么影响。我们总是高喊每天吃什么和不吃什么的口号。远离药物可能对你的结肠更好,更倾向于有规律地吃天然便宜的食物。Probiotics益生菌It sounds a little gross, but your entire colon is colonized with good bacteria and yeast.听起来有些恶心,但你的整个结肠都被益生菌和酵母菌占据着。These living organisms help you break down and remove waste from your body. They also keep the bad bacteria in check. Fermented foods, such as yogurt or kefir, can help provide the boost of good bacteria needed to rebalance your system.这些生物帮助你的身体分解和排出废物。它们还抑制坏菌。发酵食品,如酸奶、酸乳酒,可以帮助增加有益菌来调整你的身体机能。Dark Leafy Vegetables深色叶菜The minute I say dark, leafy vegetable, most people envision a cluster of spinach. There are many other variations of dark leafies that include collard greens, kale, and even romaine.当我说到深色叶菜,大部分人会想到菠菜。但还有很多其它种类的深色叶菜,包括羽衣甘蓝,甘蓝和莴苣。A cup of iceberg lettuce, for example, has nearly no nutritional value. Its main component is water. Rule of thumb: The darker the leaf the better the benefit.一杯卷心莴苣,例如,几乎没有任何营养价值。其主要成分是水。经验法则:叶子颜色越深,营养价值越高。Garlic蒜This bulbous vegetable has long been researched for its natural antibacterial properties.这种球根类蔬菜因其抑菌特性长期以来都是被研究的对象。The natural compounds within garlic, such as selenium, arginine, and ajoene to name a few, are responsible for the potential health benefits that include removing waste from the body and assisting in your body#39;s self-repair mechanisms.大蒜中的天然化合物,如硒、精氨酸, 大蒜烯等等,负责潜在的身体健康因素,包括排出身体废物和协助身体自我修复功能。Flax Seeds亚麻籽Sitting down to a big bowl of flax seeds probably doesn#39;t sound optimal, but used as an addition to smoothies, cereals, and whole grain products, flax seeds give a boost to the fiber content of any meal and contain phytonutrients in the form of lignans. They also help to regulate bowel movements and are a natural source of the omega 3 fatty acids, which have a host of known health benefits.身旁有一大碗的亚麻种子可能听起来没什么用处,但作为果汁,麦片,全麦产品的添加物,亚麻籽会提高任何一餐的纤维含量并含有木酚素形式的植物营养素。Legumes豆类Beans are a low fat, protein rich source of nutrients that actually feed the good bacteria in your colon with their healthy starches.豆类是低脂肪、含有丰富蛋白质的营养素,这些营养素实际上是喂养你结肠有益菌的健康淀粉。译文属 /201611/477832

  

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  E-cigarettes, widely promoted as an alternative to smoking, are actually attracting young people who might not otherwise have smoked tobacco products, a new U.S. study suggested.美国一项新的调查研究显示,电子烟,作为戒烟者被广泛推崇使用的吸烟替代品,实际上却大大吸引了那些不抽烟的青少年的注意。E-cigarettes are thought by some to be responsible for a decline in American youth cigarette smoking, but researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) indicated the reality is the opposite.在美国,大家认为是电子烟的使用降低了青少年的吸烟率,但美国旧金山加利福尼亚大学的研究人员发现,事实恰好相反。The USCF researchers concluded that many kids who went on to smoke regular cigarettes may not have used nicotine at all if e-cigarettes did not exist.加利福尼亚大学的研究人员总结称,电子烟的出现让那些平时只抽普通香烟的孩子开始接触尼古丁。;We didn#39;t find any evidence that e-cigarettes are causing youth smoking to decline,; said lead author Lauren Dutra of the UCSF.加利福尼亚大学该项研究的主要负责人劳伦·杜特拉表示:“目前我们还未找到任何可以明改抽电子烟能降低青少年吸烟率的据。”;Some of the kids using e-cigarettes were also smoking cigarettes, we found that kids who were at low risk of starting nicotine with cigarettes were using e-cigarettes,; Dutra said. ;Recent declines in youth smoking are likely due to tobacco control efforts, not to e-cigarettes.;杜特拉说道:“一些孩子在使用电子烟的同时也在抽烟,我们发现那些接触尼古丁香烟可能性较小的孩子也在抽电子烟。近期青少年吸烟率的下降很可能是由于禁烟力度的加强,而非电子烟的功劳。”For the study, researchers examined data from more than 140,000 middle and high school students who completed a U.S. government tobacco survey between 2004 and 2014.针对这项研究,研究人员还专门调出了2004年至2014年接受美国政府吸烟调查的约140,000名初、高中生的数据。They found that cigarette smoking among U.S. adolescents declined during that decade, but did not decline faster after the advent of e-cigarettes in the U.S. between 2007 and 2009.他们发现,在这十年内,吸烟的青少年的数量在下降,但在2007年至2009年期间,由于电子烟的出现,下降的速度开始变慢。In fact, combined e-cigarette and cigarette use among adolescents in 2014 was higher than total cigarette use in 2009, according to the study.事实上,据研究发现,2014年同时在抽烟和抽电子烟的青少年数量要比2009年显示的吸烟数据更高。E-cigarettes are battery-powered devices that look like cigarettes and deliver an aerosol of nicotine and other chemicals.电子烟是带电池的电子香烟,看起来就像是真的香烟一样,通过雾化等手段,将尼古丁或者其他化学物质等变成蒸汽。 /201702/491448

  The Use and Future of Chinese Embroidery中国刺绣的使用和未来Today Chinese embroidery handicraft has not only come into the ordinary people#39;s but also entered the world stage. Embroidery can be found on anything from garments,shoes,hats,tobacco pouches,bedsheet and pillowcases ,embroidered portraits of gods, stage costumes, to household screens, hangings, calligraphy and paintings. With the constant emergence of new technology, Chinese embroidery as a traditional handiwork is displaying its boundless vitality in the present-day world.今天,中国的刺绣工艺品,不仅进入了寻常百姓家,同时也进入了世界舞台。刺绣可以从东西上发现,例如装,鞋,帽,烟草袋,床单和枕套,神像,舞台装,家用纱窗,挂饰,书法和绘画。随着新技术的不断涌现,中国刺绣作为一种传统的手工艺品正在当今世界中显示出其无限的生命力。 /201609/465675Hey, look at this puzzle. Just one single piece!嘿,瞧瞧这个拼图,却只有一块!It#39;s the only product here that needs no assembling!这是唯一款不要拼的拼图产品!IKEA is a peculiar place宜家(瑞典家具和家居零售商)真是个古怪的地方 /201611/479218

  HBO has long stood as a bastion for some of the best shows television has to offer. HBO长期以来一直是一些品质绝佳的电视剧的阵地。Its lengthy history is occupied by a handful of truly great series, all culminating in the impressive run it#39;s currently experiencing with Game of Thrones. 在HBO悠久的历史上出现了几部伟大剧作,它们都和《权力的游戏》一样达到了收视巅峰。The adaptation of George R.R. Martin#39;s popular novels has become one of TV#39;s most-watched weekly events every spring. 该剧改编自乔治.R.R.马丁的人气小说,是每年春季收视最高的周播节目之一。Like all good things though, Game of Thrones eventually will come to an end, with just two shortened seasons left before it goes off the air for good (at least in its current form). 和所有的佳作一样,《权力的游戏》终将结束,距该剧永远停播仅剩下两短季(至少从目前来看)。This imminent departure leads us to one question: What#39;s next for HBO?《权力的游戏》的即将完结给我们带来一个问题:HBO的下一步是什么?With Game of Thrones set to exit stage left, the network is going to need an heir apparent. 由于《权力的游戏》即将下线,HBO电视台需要确定一部接档剧。Lucky for them, they#39;ve been preparing one for years now with Westworld. 幸运的是,他们筹备多年如今制作出了《西部世界》。The artificial intelligence-centric sci-fi epic will seek to ease the pain of leaving Westeros, and from the look of early trailers, we see no reason why it won#39;t. 这部围绕着人工智能的科幻史诗剧将缓解我们告别《权力的游戏》的痛苦。从早期的预告片来看,我们没有理由认为不是这样。Here#39;s why.原因如下:1 Westworld aly has a five year plan in place《西部世界》已有五年规划The long-term success of any show is rooted in the ability of its writers to plan out its story on a large scale. 任何电视剧的长期成功都源自其编剧对剧情的总体策划能力。Game of Thrones#39; own roadmap was aly in place before its first episode ever aired, helped by George R.R. Martin#39;s series of novels. 得益于乔治#8226;R#8226;R#8226;马丁的系列小说,《权力的游戏》的故事发展线在第一集开播前就已经写好。In terms of the years-long production process, Westworld lead actor James Marsden provides us with some insight, courtesy of Entertainment Weekly.据《周刊》报道,《西部世界》的主演詹姆斯.麦斯登透露了该剧历经数年之久的制作过程。It wasn#39;t about getting the first 10 (episodes) done, it was about mapping out what the next five or six years are going to be. 这不是说搞定前10集,而是规划出接下来5、6年的剧情会是什么样的。We wanted everything in line so that when the very last episode airs and we have our show finale, five or seven years down the line, we knew how it was going to end the first season.我们让所有剧情都按照故事线来走,这样我们早在第一季就知道五至七年后,最后一集大结局会是什么样的。Compare that to the decidedly more ;fly by the seat of their pants; approach of sci-fi contemporaries like Lost and Battlestar Galactica, and we see a far more meticulously crafted narrative for Westworld. 《迷失》、《太空堡垒卡拉狄加》等同类科幻作品显然更多是凭感觉,与这种方式相比,我们看到《西部世界》的叙事精细得多。This only serves to strengthen the long-term potential of the fledgling series, helped by an aly fully-formed story arc.借助完全成形的故事线,这只会提升该部新剧的长期潜力。2 The A-list cast一流的演员阵容Game of Thrones is famous for bringing in the most talented actors in the business, from Peter Dinklage#39;s lengthy run as Tyrion Lannister, to Ian McShane#39;s tragically short-lived appearance last season. 从彼特.丁拉基长期扮演的提利昂.兰尼斯特,到伊恩.麦柯肖恩上一季短暂的悲剧亮相,《权力的游戏》以邀请业内最具天赋的演员出演而著称。Westworld will be pulling out all the stops for its own cast, bringing on Anthony Hopkins, Evan Rachel Wood, Ed Harris, James Marsden, and Jeffrey Wright.《西部世界》将使出浑身解数打造其演员阵容,请安东尼.霍普金斯,埃文.蕾切尔.伍德,埃德.哈里斯,詹姆斯.马斯登和杰弗里.赖特参与演出。This isn#39;t just a TV-worthy collection of actors either; it#39;s a cast that would be coveted for even the most high-profile of summer blockbusters. 同样,他们也不是一群小银幕演员,就连最受关注的暑期大片都会觊觎这个演员阵容。Whether or not the show up ends up being a thematic success remains to be seen, but even if it flopped story-wise, it wouldn#39;t be for lack of talent attached to the project.最终能否成功获得主流观众的认可还要走着瞧,但即使剧情不受欢迎,那也绝不是因为演员阵容不够强大。3 A strong original story from Michael Crichton迈克尔.克莱顿强大的原著Michael Crichton is most known as the mastermind behind the original Jurassic Park novel. 迈克尔.克莱顿最为人熟知的身份是小说《侏罗纪公园》的作者。That said, his body of work expands far beyond just that, having written and directed the 1973 film HBO#39;s own iteration of Westworld is based on.当然,他的作品远远不止这些,HBO翻拍的《西部世界》基于1973年迈克尔.克莱顿创作并执导的同名电影。4The showrunners《西部世界》制作人A show is only as good as the people in charge of its creative direction. 一部剧的质量取决于其负责创意指导的人。In the case of Westworld, the team of writers and producers is a veritable who#39;s who of sci-fi luminaries. 在《西部世界》中,编剧和制片人团队都是名副其实的科幻作品大师。Jonathan Nolan (The Dark Knight) and Lisa Joy (Pushing Daisies) are attached as the showrunners, while J.J. Abrams and Bryan Burk (Star Wars: The Force Awakens, Fringe) will serve as executive producers. 乔纳森.诺兰(《蝙蝠侠前传2:黑暗骑士》)和丽萨.乔伊(《灵指神探》)担任制作人,而J.J.艾布拉姆斯和布莱恩.伯克(《星球大战:原力觉醒》)将担任执行制片人。There are a whole lot of talented cooks in the kitchen, and combined, they make up an A-team worthy of Westworld#39;s bold premise.该剧中有许多专业人才,他们一起组成了一能驾驭《西部世界》大胆假设的一流队伍。5 There#39;s nothing like Westworld on TV today《西部世界》在当今电视上绝无仅有Part of what#39;s made Game of Thrones so impactful in the landscape of modern TV has been the way it#39;s blazed brand new territory for fantasy epics. 《权力的游戏》在当代电视圈有如此影响力的部分原因是,它为奇幻史诗剧点亮了全新的领域。You#39;d be hard-pressed to find another show that#39;s managed to accomplish what GoT has, despite the better efforts of pale imitations (looking at you, Marco Polo).尽管相形见绌的仿制剧已经发挥得更好(说你呢,《马可.波罗》),但是你还是很难找到一部剧可以取得《权力的游戏》所取得的成就。Westworld#39;s own creative ambitions are similarly unique. 与之类似,《西部世界》也有野心开创一块新领域。If it ends up catching on, it has the potential to launch the artificial intelligence sci-fi concept into the television mainstream. 如果最终能流行起来,该剧便可能将人工智能科幻剧引入主流电视节目。Of course it could also fly too close to the sun and burn up in a blaze of glory, but at least for now, we remain cautiously optimistic based on the initial buzz.当然,《西部世界》也可能玩火自焚,但是至少目前来看,基于前几集的口碑,我们对该剧还是可以持有审慎乐观的态度。 /201610/473806Donald Trump speaks at a rally in Ohio.唐纳德.特朗普正在俄亥俄州的集会上发表演讲。Not all Halloween costumes are equally attractive to potential romantic partners, according to dating service PlentyOfFish. In fact, some are likely to scare them off: namely Donald Trump (and The Joker).交友网站PlentyofFish表示,在万圣节,并非所有装束都能带来浪漫邂逅,事实上,有些扮相反而会把对方吓跑,比如扮成唐纳德.特朗普(和小丑)的样子。In a survey of 500 US singles over age 21, PlentyOfFish asked men and women which pop culture costumes they were most likely to dress as, and then which costumes they would find the most attractive on members of the opposite sex. The results had some significant differences.该网站对美国500名21岁以上的单身人士进行了调查,询问他们万圣节最喜欢的流行饰和最具吸引力的异性装扮分别是什么。结果发现,男生和女生的看法大不相同。First let#39;s take a look at which costumes men were most likely to dress as:首先,我们来看看大多数男生最喜欢的装扮:Now let’s take a look at what costumes women said they would be most likely to be attracted to:现在来看看在女生眼中,最有吸引力的男性装扮:What are the major differences? First, Batman and The Joker are roughly flipped, meaning men are a lot more likely to dress as The Joker, but women are more likely to be most attracted to Batman. Second, women are not attracted to Donald Trump. He came in last.主要区别在哪儿呢?首先,蝙蝠侠和小丑的持率大相径庭,男生觉得扮成小丑更有魅力,而女生则更倾向于蝙蝠侠。其次,女生们最不喜欢异性扮成特朗普,该扮相的持率最低。But perhaps the biggest surprise comes with Pikachu, who was chosen by just 2.1% of men, but chosen most attractive by 6.4% of women.不过,也许最让人惊讶的是男女生对皮卡丘扮相的看法差异,只有2.1%的男士选择扮成皮卡丘,但有6.4%的女性觉得皮卡丘扮相很有魅力。Moving onto women, here are what they chose as likely to dress as:下面看看女性喜欢的装扮:And the ones men were likely to be most attracted to:男性眼中最有魅力的女性装扮:The big takeaways from this one are that Netflix and Chill is less attractive relative to popularity, and Harley Quinn is more.这次的最大区别在于对于男性而言,时下正流行的Netflix and Chill(约炮扮相)并不像想象的那么有吸引力,相反,哈莉.奎茵的扮相比想象的更有吸引力。It must be said that, one, not everyone is looking for romance on Halloween, and two, this survey didn#39;t take same-sex attraction data into account.需要强调的是,第一,并不是所有人都想在万圣节吸引异性;第二,这个调查并没有把同性恋考虑在内。Still, if you#39;re looking for love, you#39;re probably better off not dressing like The Donald.尽管如此,如果你想邂逅爱情的话,最好不要扮成特朗普的样子。 /201610/473152

  £250,000 gold coin found in child#39;s pirate treasure collection熊孩子玩具箱内发现价值25万英镑金币An 18th-century gold coin worth up to £250,000 has been discovered in a child#39;s pirate treasure collection.在一个熊孩子的海盗宝藏玩具箱内,发现了一枚价值25万英镑18世纪的金币。The anonymous owner had been given the rare Queen Anne Vigo five guinea piece as a youngster by his grandfather.据这位匿名的金币主人回忆,这枚稀有的安妮女王维戈五基尼金币是祖父在他小时候给他的。With no idea of its value he kept it in his toy box for pirate games, until it was packed away and forgotten about.当时,他对金币的价值一无所知,直接把它放到了自己海盗游戏的玩具箱中。后来,这个箱子被打包放起来,渐渐遗忘。But when his grandad died, he rediscovered the coin and gave it to his own son to play with – before experts told him it was one of 20 made of gold seized from Spanish treasure ships in Vigo Bay, Spain, in 1702.但祖父去世后,他重新发现了这枚金币,并把它给自己的儿子玩——直到专家告诉他,这枚金币是由英国1702年10月23日在西班牙北部维哥湾从西班牙财宝船上得到的20枚中的一枚。The man said: ;My grandad travelled all over the world during his working life and collected many coins from the various countries he had been to.这位先生说:“我祖父年轻时因为工作走遍了世界各地,他从他到过的国家也收集很多硬币。”He gave me bags of coins to play with throughout my early years because I was into pirate treasure.“我小时候很喜欢海盗宝藏,于是,他就给我一包硬币拿来玩。”;As time passed, these coins went back into bags and boxes and were forgotten about, until I rediscovered them after my grandad passed away.“但随着时间的推移,这些放在袋子和盒子中的硬币渐渐被遗忘,直到祖父去世后我才重新发现它们。”;I looked back through the coins , remembering the stories I made up about them when I was small, and then gave them to my own son to play with and put into his own treasure box. My little boy has been playing with this coin as I did all those years ago.;“这些硬币让我回想起小时候给它们编的故事。后来,我把它们给我儿子玩,并放进了他的玩具箱。我儿子一直喜欢玩这些硬币,跟我小时候一模一样。”The man, of Bishop#39;s Stortford, Essex, eventually took it to experts after suspecting it might be worth something.这位来自英国埃塞克斯的先生后来觉得这枚金币可能价值不菲,就拿去给专家鉴定。Gregory Tong of Boningtons auctioneers, in Chelmsford, instantly recognised its value as one of fewer than 15 known examples.本宁顿拍卖行的拍卖商Gregory Tong一眼就认出来它的价值——目前存世量还不到15枚。It is expected to fetch up to £250,000 at auction next month.这枚金币下个月将通过拍卖行以25万英镑的价格出售。The coins, made out of treasure captured by the British fleet, were struck in 1703 as part of a propaganda campaign to detract attention from the British failure at Cadiz the previous year.这些金币是用英国船舰截获的宝藏在1703年为了宣传纪念而制。主要是为了分散1702年英国在西班牙加的斯遭遇失败事件的注意力。The treasure was delivered through London and received at the Royal Mint by then Master of the Mint, Sir Isaac Newton.当年截获的宝藏被送往伦敦,由皇家铸币局的主人艾萨克·牛顿爵士所收,最后制成这些金币。译文属原创,仅供学习和交流使用,未经许可,。 /201611/476626

  

  Most countries in the world offer a deal offering fast-tracked residency permits and, ultimately, citizenship in return for investments in local businesses and property.全世界大多数国家都允许人们通过投资当地生意或房产快速取得永久居住许可,并最终获得公民资格。With the UK voting to leave the European Union, it is becoming more attractive for wealthy Brits to look elsewhere for access to the European single market and the freedom of movement to travel and work across the 28-nation trading bloc.英国举行脱欧公投后,对该国富人来说,通过其他国家进入欧洲单一市场,并获得在28个国家组成的贸易组织里旅行和工作的自由变得更具吸引力。A study by citizenship consultancy firm Henley and Partners analysed the programmes offered by different governments across the world, ranking them by value, quality and reputation among other metrics.公民资格咨询公司Henley and Partners进行了一项研究,他们分析了全世界不同政府的移民程序,依据其价值、质量以及其他指标上的声誉对它们进行排序。Here are the EU countries that performed the best for cheap and easy access to residency.下面是欧盟国家中获得永久居住权最容易且便宜的国家。12. Bulgaria - A deposit of around EURO500,000 in a Bulgarian government bond portfolio for five years is enough to qualify for Bulgaria#39;s residency programme.保加利亚——花50万欧元购买五年的保加利亚政府债券投资组合,就可以获得保加利亚永久居住权计划的资格。11. Greece - After being granted a so-called ;D; visa, investors can apply for Greek residency after purchasing properties with a total value of EURO250,000.希腊——在获得所谓的“D”签后,投资者可以通过购买总价值超过25万欧元的房产来申请该国的永久居住权。10. Cyprus - The Mediterranean island offers a low corporation tax of 12.5% for residents#39; businesses but to apply you need to buy a property worth more than EURO300,000.塞浦路斯——这个地中海岛屿国家向该国居民的公司提供12.5%的低企业税,但你需要购买一处价格超过30万欧元的房产才能申请。9. Monaco - Residents of Monaco are not subject to income tax, capital gains tax or wealth tax and are able to travel visa-free to all Schengen area countries.纳哥——纳哥的居民不需要缴纳所得税、资本收益税或财产税,而且去所有申根国家旅游都免签。8. Jersey - The island of Jersey is attractive for its low tax regime and mild climate. The minimum investment for residency costs £125,000 a year and is only open to those earning more than £625,000.泽西岛——泽西岛因为税率低且和气候温和而特别具有吸引力。可获得永久居住权的最低投资额为一年12.5万英镑,而且只对收入超过62.5万英镑的人开放。7. ed Kingdom - The UK might not be cheap but it is an attractive destination for rich families looking for good private schooling. The residency programme is tiered, asking for £2 million, £5 million and £10 million from investors.英国——获得英国的永久居住权可能不便宜,但这里对想要享受优质私立教育的有钱人家却是一个非常有吸引力的目的地。英国的永久居住权计划对投资者分为200万英镑、500万英镑和1000万英镑三个等级。6. Latvia - To obtain a Latvian temporary residence permit, one has to buy real estate worth EURO250,000 and pay a 5% government fee.拉脱维亚——要获得拉脱维亚临时居住许可,你必须购入价值25万欧元的房产,并且付5%的政府费。5. Spain - The country has a similar programme to Portugal, and a resident permit can be obtained by buying a EURO500,000 house or investing EURO2 million in Spanish government debt.西班牙——西班牙的程序和葡萄牙相似,可以通过购买50万欧元的房产或者投资200万的西班牙政府债券取得。4. Malta - Malta applies a low 15% tax rate for permanent residents, and the programme can be accessed for relatively little money — the purchase of a EURO275,000 property should do it.马耳他——马耳他居民享受15%的低税率,并且获得这一资格花费的钱相对较少——购买27.5万欧元的房产就可以了。3. Portugal - To obtain Portuguese residency one can create 10 jobs with a business, transfer EURO1 million into a Portuguese bank or buy a house for EURO500,000.葡萄牙——想要获得葡萄牙的永久居住权,你得拥有可以创造10个工作岗位的生意,向葡萄牙转存100万欧元,或者购买一套50万欧元的房产。2. Belgium - A Belgian residency application takes as little as two months to process and employment in the country may be a qualifier on its own, negating the need for investment.比利时——比利时永久居住权的申请过程只需花上两个月,在该国就业就可以自动获得资格,无需进行投资。1. Austria - Austria offers 10 different types of residency permit that do not require an investment and which can be used for visa-free travel across the Schengen area.奥地利——奥地利提供了10种不同类型的永久居住许可,都无需投资,而且在所有申根地区旅游都免签。 /201612/484528

  Sleep is as mysterious as it is vital for our wellbeing. Over the decades, researchers have proposed several mechanisms through which sleep rejuvenates us, but we still don#39;t fully understand the big picture. Now, two recently published studies come up with an interesting explanation: we sleep to forget some of the things we learn during the day.睡眠对我们的健康至关重要,但它神秘莫测。过去的数十年里,研究人员提出了若干种睡眠让人焕然一新的机理,但我们依然没有完全掌握有关睡眠的全部知识。现在,两篇新近发表的研究提出了一个有趣的解释:我们入睡是为了忘掉白天学到的某些东西。We store memories in networks in our brains. Whenever we learn something new, we grow new connections between neurons, called synapses. In 2003, Giulio Tononi and Chiara Cirelli, biologists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, proposed something very interesting: during the day, we learn so much and develop so many synapses that things sometimes get fuzzy. Since then, the two and their collaborators have made quite a few interesting additions to that study.我们通过大脑网络存储记忆。无论何时学到新东西,神经元之间都会建立起一种叫做“突触”的联结。2003年,威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校的生物学家朱里奥#8226;托诺尼和基娅拉#8226;西勒利提出了一种很有意思的观点:我们在白天学到了那么多东西,构建了那么多突触,有时候把自己搞糊涂了。从那时起,这两位生物学家就和同事们一起在这项研究的基础上不断添加了许多有趣的内容。For starters, they showed that neurons can prune out some synapses, at least in the lab. But they suspected the same things happens every day, naturally, in our brains — probably during sleep.首先,他们告诉大家:神经元会修剪掉一些突触,至少在实验室里是这样的。但他们猜测同样的事也会每天在自然状态下的大脑中发生,而且很可能是在睡眠中发生。So they set up a painstaking experiment, in which Luisa de Vivo, an assistant scientist working in their lab, collected 6,920 synapses from mice, both awake and sleeping. Then, they determined the shape and size of all these synapses, learning that the synapses in sleeping mice were 18 percent smaller than in awake ones. That#39;s quite a big margin.所以,他们设置了一项非常费力的实验:他们实验室中的一位助理研究员路易莎#8226;德#8226;维沃从老鼠身上找了6920个突触,这些老鼠有的醒着有的睡着。然后,他们弄清所有这些突触的形状和大小,发现睡着的老鼠身上的突触要比醒着的那些小18%,差距非常大。After this, they designed a memory test for mice. They placed the animals in a room where they would get a mild electrical shock if they walked over one particular section of the floor. They injected some of the mice with a substance that had been proved to prevent the pruning of new synapses. The mice that experienced this were much more likely to forget about the section and after a good night#39;s sleep, they tended to walk over the section again, while mice that slept normally remembered better.然后,他们为老鼠设计了一项记忆测试。他们把老鼠放在一个房间里,如果它们走到地板上一个特定区域,就会受到轻微电击。他们往一些老鼠体内注射了一种物质,经验,这种物质能阻止神经元修剪新突触。接受过注射的老鼠更容易忘记电击区域,好好睡过一夜之后,它们还是会走到那个区域,而正常睡眠的老鼠则记得更清楚。Then, Dr. Tononi and his colleagues found that the pruning didn#39;t strike every neuron. Some 20% were unchanged, likely well-established memories that shouldn#39;t be tampered with.这样,托诺尼士和同事们就发现了:修剪并不会牵涉到每个神经元。大约有20%的部分不会改变,很可能牢固构建的记忆不会窜改。In other words, we sleep to forget — but in a smart way.换句话说,我们睡着是为了遗忘——但是是以一种聪明的方式遗忘。 /201702/491507

  

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