时间:2019年08月26日 04:26:05

For the past three and a half years, we’ve been fighting our way back from an historic economic crisis – one caused by breathtaking irresponsibility on the part of some on Wall Street who treated our financial system like a casino.在过去的三年半中,我们一直在与一场历史性的经济危机战斗——而其原因之一就是一部分人惊人的不负责任致使我们的金融系统华尔街像一家。Not only did that behavior nearly destroy the financial system – it cost our economy millions of jobs, hurt middle-class families, and left taxpayers holding the bag.这样的行为不仅几乎摧毁整个金融体系——这是我们的经济数以百万工作岗位的成本,还伤害了中产阶级家庭,而且让纳税人自掏腰包。Since then, we’ve recovered taxpayer dollars that were used to stabilize troubled banks.从那时起,我们已经恢复了纳税人的被用来稳定陷入困境中的钱。And we’ve put in place Wall Street reform with smarter, tougher, commonsense rules that serve one primary purpose: 而且我们将华尔街进行改革,使其更睿智、更严谨,常识性规则提供的务是为了一个主要目的:to prevent a crisis like that from ever happening again. 防止这样的危机再度发生。And yet, for the past two years, too many Republicans in Congress and an army of financial industry lobbyists have actually been waging an all-out battle to delay, defund, and dismantle Wall Street reform.然而,在过去的两年里, 国会中有太多的共和党人和一大批金融行业的说客们实际上已经开始全面的行动以延迟,撤资及拆除华尔街改革。Recently, we’ve seen why we can’t let that happen.最近,我们已经看到了为什么我们不会让这种事情发生。We found out that a big mistake at one of our biggest banks resulted in a two billion dollar loss. 我们在我们的一家最大的之一发现一个造成二十亿美元重大损失的错误。While that bank can handle a loss of that size, other banks may not have been able to. 同时,这家可以处理这种规模的亏损,而其他可能不行。And without Wall Street reform, we could have found ourselves with the taxpayers once again on the hook for Wall Street’s mistakes.没有华尔街改革,我们发现自己与纳税人会再次重蹈华尔街错误的覆辙。That’s why it’s so important that Members of Congress stand on the side of reform, not against it;这就是为什么它是如此重要,国会成员站在改革的一边,而不是反对它,because we can’t afford to go back to an era of weak regulation and little oversight;因为我们不能回到一个监管软弱和缺乏监管的的时代;where excessive risk-taking on Wall Street and a lack of basic oversight in Washington nearly destroyed our economy. 那里在华盛顿华尔街过度冒险的行为和缺乏基本的监督几乎毁了我们的经济。We can’t afford to go back to that brand of ‘you’re-on-your-own’ economics.我们不能回到那个“你就是你自己”的经济中去。Not after the American people have worked so hard to come back from this crisis.美国人民不能再次吞下辛辛苦苦再次从这次危机中恢复的苦果。We’ve got to keep moving forward.我们必须继续前进。We’ve got to finish the job of implementing this reform and putting these rules in place.我们必须完成实施这一改革并使这些法规到位的工作。These new rules say that, if you’re a big bank or financial institution, you now have to hold more cash on hand so that if you make a bad decision you pay for it, not the taxpayers.这些新规则称,如果你是一家大或金融机构,你现在必须持有更多的现金,所以,如果你做的是一个糟糕的决定,你就必须为自己买单,而不是纳税人。You have to write out a “living will” that details how you’ll be wound down if you do fail.你需要写出一份“生前遗嘱”,详细说明如果你失败了,你会平静了下来。The new law takes away big bonuses and paydays from failed CEOs,新的法律从失败的CEO们身上撤除巨额红利和发薪日,while giving shareholders a say on executive salaries.而给予股东们一个管理人员工资的说法。And for the first time in our nation’s history,而且首次在我国历史上,we have in place a consumer watchdog whose sole job is to look out for working families by protecting them from deceptive and unfair practices.我们已经有了消费者权益保护人,他唯一的工作是为家庭排忧解难,使其免受欺诈和不公平待遇。So unless you run a financial institution whose business model is built on cheating consumers, or making risky bets that could damage the whole economy, you have nothing to fear from Wall Street reform.所以除非你运行的是一个金融机构,而其商业模式就是建立在欺骗消费者的基础上,或进行可能会损害整个经济的高风险投资,否则你就没必要害怕华尔街改革。Yes, it discourages big banks and financial institutions from making risky bets with taxpayer-insured money. 是的,它会阻止大型和金融机构用纳税人投保的钱进行高风险投资。And it encourages them to do things that actually help the economy – like extending loans to entrepreneurs with good ideas, to middle-class families who want to buy a home, to students who want to pursue higher education.而且它鼓励他们做实际上帮助经济的事情——像为有好创意的企业家,为想买房子的中产阶级家庭,为想要追求更高教育的学生延长贷款。That’s what Wall Street reform is all about – making this economy stronger for you. 这就是华尔街改革的一切,使我们的经济更加强大,而这一切都是为了你。And we’re going to keep working – to recover every job lost to the recession; to build an economy where hard work and responsibility are once again rewarded; to restore an America where everyone has a fair shot, everyone does their fair share, and everyone plays by the same rules.我们将继续工作——为了恢复每一份衰退的工作;为了建立一个努力工作和责任再次将得到回报的经济;为了恢复一个每个人都有公平的机会,每个人都做自己份额,每个人都遵守同样规则的美国而努力。I believe the free market is one of the greatest forces for progress in human history; that businesses are the engine of growth; that risk-takers and innovators should be celebrated. But I also believe that at its best, the free market has never been a license to take whatever you want, however you can get it. 我相信自由市场是人类历史进程中最伟大的的力量;商业是增长的引擎,风险承担者和创新者应该被庆祝。但我也确信,在其最好的状态,自由市场从来都不是一种授权,并不是无论你想要什么,无管怎样你都可以得到。Alongside our entrepreneurial spirit and rugged individualism, America only prospers when we meet our obligations to one another; and to future generations.只要有我们的创业精神和顽强的个人主义,美国才能发展,当我们履行一个接一个的义务;而且对未来的世世代代负责任,美国才能繁荣。If you agree with me, let your Member of Congress know. 如果你同意我的观点,让你的国会成员知道。Tell them to spend less time working to undermine rules that are there to protect the economy, and spend more time actually working to strengthen the economy. 告诉他们花更少的时间致力于破坏规则来保护经济,花更多的时间用于增强经济的实际工作。Thanks and have a great weekend.谢谢大家,周末愉快。201205/182952

One of the fundamental challenges of our time is building an economy where everyone gets a fair shot, everyone does their fair share, and everyone plays by the same rules.And as many Americans rush to file their taxes this weekend, itrsquo;s worth pointing out that wersquo;ve got a tax system that doesnrsquo;t always uphold the principle of everyone doing their part.Now, this is not just about fairness. This is also about growth. Itrsquo;s about being able to make the investments we need to strengthen our economy and create jobs. And itrsquo;s about whether we as a country are willing to pay for those investments.In a perfect world, of course, none of us would have to pay any taxes. Wersquo;d have no deficits to pay down. And wersquo;d have all the resources we needed to invest in things like schools and roads and a strong military and new sources of energy ndash; investments that have always bolstered our economy and strengthened the middle class.But we live in the real world, with real choices and real consequences. Right now, wersquo;ve got significant deficits to close. Wersquo;ve got serious investments to make to keep our economy growing. And we canrsquo;t afford to keep spending more money on tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans who donrsquo;t need them and didnrsquo;t even ak for them.Warren Buffett is one of the wealthiest men in the world. But he pays a lower tax rate than his secretary. Thatrsquo;s just the way the system is set up. In fact, one in four millionaires pays a lower tax rate than millions of hardworking middle-class households.As Warren points out, thatrsquo;s not fair and it doesnrsquo;t make sense. Itrsquo;s wrong that middle-class Americans pay a higher share of their income in taxes than some millionaires and billionaires.This week, Members of Congress are going to have a chance to set things right. They get to vote on what we call the Buffett Rule.Itrsquo;s simple: If you make more than million every year, you should pay at least the same percentage of your income in taxes as middle-class families do. On the other hand, if you make less than 0,000 a year -- like 98 percent of American families do -- your taxes shouldnrsquo;t go up.Thatrsquo;s all there is to it. Itrsquo;s pretty sensible. Most Americans support this idea. One survey found that two-thirds of millionaires do, too. So do nearly half of all Republicans.We just need some Republican politicians to get on board with where the country is.I know theyrsquo;ll say that this is all about wanting to raise peoplersquo;s taxes. They probably wonrsquo;t tell you that if you belong to a middle-class family, then Irsquo;ve cut your taxes each year that Irsquo;ve been in office, and Irsquo;ve cut taxes for small business owners 17 times.But the thing is, for most Americans like me, tax rates are near their lowest point in 50 years. In 2001 and 2003, the wealthiest Americans received two huge new tax cuts. We were told these tax cuts would lead to faster job growth. Instead, we got the slowest job growth in half a century, and the typical American family actually saw its income fall.On the flip side, when the most well-off Americans were asked to pay a little more in the 1990s, we were warned that it would kill jobs. Instead, tens of millions of jobs followed.So wersquo;ve tried this trickle-down experiment before. It doesnrsquo;t work. And middle class families have seen too much of their security erode over the past few decades for us to tell them theyrsquo;re going to have to do more because the wealthiest Americans are going to do less. We canrsquo;t stop investing in the things that will help grow our economy and create jobs ndash; things like education, research, new sources of energy ndash; just so folks like me can get another tax cut.So I hope yoursquo;ll ask your Member of Congress to step up and echo that call this week by voting for the Buffett Rule. Remind them that in America, prosperity has never just trickled down from a wealthy few. Prosperity has always been built by a strong, thriving middle class. Thatrsquo;s a principle worth reaffirming right now.Thank you, God bless you, and have a great weekend.201204/177847

[Swearing-in on Ronald Reagan by USSC Chief Justice Warren Burger] [AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio.]Thank you. Thank you. Senator Hatfield, Mr. Chief Justice, Mr. President, Vice President Bush, Vice President Mondale, Senator Baker, Speaker O’Neill, Reverend Moomaw, and my fellow citizens:To a few of us here today this is a solemn and most momentous occasion. And, yet, in the history of our nation it is a commonplace occurrence. The orderly transfer of authority as called for in the Constitution routinely takes place as it has for almost two centuries and few of us stop to think how unique we really are. In the eyes of many in the world, this every-four-year ceremony we accept as normal is nothing less than a miracle.Mr. President, I want our fellow citizens to know how much you did to carry on this tradition. By your gracious cooperation in the transition process you have shown a watching world that we are a united people pledged to maintaining a political system which guarantees individual liberty to a greater degree than any other. And I thank you and your people for all your help in maintaining the continuity which is the bulwark of our republic.The business of our nation goes forward.These ed States are confronted with an economic affliction of great proportions. We suffer from the longest and one of the worst sustained inflations in our national history. It distorts our economic decisions, penalizes thrift, and crushes the struggling young and the fixed-income elderly alike. It threatens to shatter the lives of millions of our people. Idle industries have cast workers into unemployment, human misery and personal indignity.Those who do work are denied a fair return for their labor by a tax system which penalizes successful achievement and keeps us from maintaining full productivity. But great as our tax burden is, it has not kept pace with public spending. For decades we have piled deficit upon deficit, mortgaging our future and our children’s future for the temporary convenience of the present. To continue this long trend is to guarantee tremendous social, cultural, political, and economic upheavals.You and I, as individuals, can, by borrowing, live beyond our means, but for only a limited period of time. Why then should we think that collectively, as a nation, we are not bound by that same limitation?We must act today in order to preserve tomorrow. And let there be no misunderstanding -- we’re going to begin to act beginning today. The economic ills we suffer have come upon us over several decades. They will not go away in days, weeks, or months, but they will go away. They will go away because we as Americans have the capacity now, as we have had in the past, to do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom.In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem. From time to time we’ve been tempted to believe that society has become too complex to be managed by self-rule, that government by an elite group is superior to government for, by, and of the people. But if no one among us is capable of governing himself, then who among us has the capacity to govern someone else?All of us together -- in and out of government -- must bear the burden. The solutions we seek must be equitable with no one group singled out to pay a higher price. We hear much of special interest groups. Well our concern must be for a special interest group that has been too long neglected. It knows no sectional boundaries, or ethnic and racial divisions, and it crosses political party lines. It is made up of men and women who raise our food, patrol our streets, man our mines and factories, teach our children, keep our homes, and heal us when we’re sick -- professionals, industrialists, shopkeepers, clerks, cabbies, and truck drivers. They are, in short, “We the People.” This breed called Americans.Well, this Administration’s objective will be a healthy, vigorous, growing economy that provides equal opportunities for all Americans with no barriers born of bigotry or discrimination. Putting America back to work means putting all Americans back to work. Ending inflation means freeing all Americans from the terror of runaway living costs.All must share in the productive work of this “new beginning,” and all must share in the bounty of a revived economy.With the idealism and fair play which are the core of our system and our strength, we can have a strong and prosperous America at peace with itself and the world. So as we begin, let us take inventory.We are a nation that has a government -- not the other way around. And this makes us special among the nations of the earth. Our Government has no power except that granted it by the people. It is time to check and reverse the growth of government which shows signs of having grown beyond the consent of the governed.It is my intention to curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment and to demand recognition of the distinction between the powers granted to the Federal Government and those reserved to the states or to the people.All of us -- all of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the states; the states created the Federal Government.Now, so there will be no misunderstanding, it’s not my intention to do away with government. It is rather to make it work -- work with us, not over us; to stand by our side, not ride on our back. Government can and must provide opportunity, not smother it; foster productivity, not stifle it. If we look to the answer as to why for so many years we achieved so much, prospered as no other people on earth, it was because here in this land we unleashed the energy and individual genius of man to a greater extent than has ever been done before.Freedom and the dignity of the individual have been more available and assured here than in any other place on earth. The price for this freedom at times has been high, but we have never been unwilling to pay that price.It is no coincidence that our present troubles parallel and are proportionate to the intervention and intrusion in our lives that result from unnecessary and excessive growth of Government.It is time for us to realize that we are too great a nation to limit ourselves to small dreams. We're not, as some would have us believe, doomed to an inevitable decline. I do not believe in a fate that will fall on us no matter what we do. I do believe in a fate that will fall on us if we do nothing.So with all the creative energy at our command, let us begin an era of national renewal. Let us renew our determination, our courage, and our strength. And let us renew our faith and our hope. We have every right to dream heroic dreams.Those who say that we’re in a time when there are no heroes -- they just don’t know where to look. You can see heroes every day going in and out of factory gates. Others, a handful in number, produce enough food to feed all of us and then the world beyond. You meet heroes across a counter -- and they’re on both sides of that counter. There are entrepreneurs with faith in themselves and faith in an idea who create new jobs, new wealth and opportunity.There are individuals and families whose taxes support the Government and whose voluntary gifts support church, charity, culture, art, and education. Their patriotism is quiet but deep. Their values sustain our national life.Now I have used the words “they” and “their” in speaking of these heroes. I could say “you” and “your” because I’m addressing the heroes of whom I speak -- you, the citizens of this blessed land. Your dreams, your hopes, your goals are going to be the dreams, the hopes, and the goals of this Administration, so help me God.We shall reflect the compassion that is so much a part of your make-up. How can we love our country and not love our countrymen -- and loving them reach out a hand when they fall, heal them when they’re sick, and provide opportunity to make them self-sufficient so they will be equal in fact and not just in theory? Can we solve the problems confronting us? Well the answer is an unequivocal and emphatic "Yes." To paraphrase Winston Churchill, I did not take the oath I’ve just taken with the intention of presiding over the dissolution of the world’s strongest economy.In the days ahead, I will propose removing the roadblocks that have slowed our economy and reduced productivity. Steps will be taken aimed at restoring the balance between the various levels of government. Progress may be slow -- measured in inches and feet, not miles -- but we will progress. It is time to reawaken this industrial giant, to get government back within its means, and to lighten our punitive tax burden. And these will be our first priorities, and on these principles there will be no compromise.On the eve or our struggle for independence a man who might’ve been one of the greatest among the Founding Fathers, Dr. Joseph Warren, president of the Massachusetts Congress, said to his fellow Americans, “Our country is in danger, but not to be despaired of. On you depend the fortunes of America. You are to decide the important question upon which rest the happiness and the liberty of millions yet unborn. Act worthy of yourselves.”Well I believe we, the Americans of today, are y to act worthy of ourselves, y to do what must be done to insure happiness and liberty for ourselves, our children, and our children’s children. And as we renew ourselves here in our own land, we will be seen as having greater strength throughout the world. We will again be the exemplar of freedom and a beacon of hope for those who do not now have freedom.To those neighbors and allies who share our freedom, we will strengthen our historic ties and assure them of our support and firm commitment. We will match loyalty with loyalty. We will strive for mutually beneficial relations. We will not use our friendship to impose on their sovereignty, for our own sovereignty is not for sale.As for the enemies of freedom, those who are potential adversaries, they will be reminded that peace is the highest aspiration of the American people. We will negotiate for it, sacrifice for it; we will not surrender for it -- now or ever. Our forbearance should never be misunderstood. Our reluctance for conflict should not be misjudged as a failure of will. When action is required to preserve our national security, we will act. We will maintain sufficient strength to prevail if need be, knowing that if we do so, we have the best chance of never having to use that strength.Above all we must realize that no arsenal or no weapon in the arsenals of the world is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women. It is a weapon our adversaries in today's world do not have. It is a weapon that we as Americans do have. Let that be understood by those who practice terrorism and prey upon their neighbors.I am -- I'm told that tens of thousands of prayer meetings are being held on this day; and for that I am deeply grateful. We are a nation under God, and I believe God intended for us to be free. It would be fitting and good, I think, if on each inaugural day in future years it should be declared a day of prayer. This is the first time in our history that this ceremony has been held, as you’ve been told, on this West Front of the Capitol.Standing here, one faces a magnificent vista, opening up on this city’s special beauty and history. At the end of this open mall are those shrines to the giants on whose shoulders we stand. Directly in front of me, the monument to a monumental man. George Washington, father of our country. A man of humility who came to greatness reluctantly. He led America out of revolutionary victory into infant nationhood. Off to one side, the stately memorial to Thomas Jefferson. The Declaration of Independence flames with his eloquence. And then beyond the Reflecting Pool, the dignified columns of the Lincoln Memorial. Whoever would understand in his heart the meaning of America will find it in the life of Abraham Lincoln.Beyond those moments -- those monuments to heroism is the Potomac River, and on the far shore the sloping hills of Arlington National Cemetery, with its row upon row of simple white markers bearing crosses or Stars of David. They add up to only a tiny fraction of the price that has been paid for our freedom.Each one of those markers is a monument to the kind of hero I spoke of earlier. Their lives ended in places called Belleau Wood, the Argonne, Omaha Beach, Salerno, and halfway around the world on Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Pork Chop Hill, the Chosin Reservoir, and in a hundred rice paddies and jungles of a place called Vietnam.Under one such a marker lies a young man, Martin Treptow, who left his job in a small town barber shop in 1917 to go to France with the famed Rainbow Division. There, on the Western front, he was killed trying to carry a message between battalions under heavy fire. We're told that on his body was found a diary. On the flyleaf under the heading, “My Pledge,” he had written these words: “America must win this war. Therefore, I will work; I will save; I will sacrifice; I will endure; I will fight cheerfully and do my utmost, as if the issue of the whole struggle depended on me alone.”The crisis we are facing today does not require of us the kind of sacrifice that Martin Treptow and so many thousands of others were called upon to make. It does require, however, our best effort, and our willingness to believe in ourselves and to believe in our capacity to perform great deeds; to believe that together with God’s help we can and will resolve the problems which now confront us.And after all, why shouldn’t we believe that? We are Americans.God bless you and thank you. Thank you very much.200606/7682

Across the generations we have proclaimed the imperative of self-government, because no one is fit to be a master, and no one deserves to be a slave.每一世代,我们重申着民有政权的重要性,没有什么人应该是主人而另一些人应该做奴隶.Advancing these ideals is the mission that created our Nation.实现这一理念的使命是我们的立国之本.It is the honorable achievement of our fathers.我们的先父荣耀地完成了这一使命.Now it is the urgent requirement of our nations security, and the calling of our time.进一步扩展这一理念是国家安全的要求, 是我们的当务之急.So it is the policy of the ed States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world. 有鉴于此,美国的政策是寻求并持世界各国和各种文化背景下成长的民主运动,寻求并持民主的制度化.最终的目标是终结世间的任何极权制度.This is not primarily the task of arms, though we will defend ourselves and our friends by force of arms when necessary.这个目标最终不应由暴力达成,尽管在必要时,我们将以武力自卫,并保卫我们的朋友.Freedom, by its nature, must be chosen, and defended by citizens, and sustained by the rule of law and the protection of minorities.自由的性质要求公民去自觉地选择它,捍卫它,并通过立法加以维护,同时保障劣势者.And when the soul of a nation finally speaks, the institutions that arise may reflect customs and traditions very different from our own.当一个国家的魂魄最终选择自由时,它的制度将反映着不同于我们的文化和传统.America will not impose our own style of government on the unwilling.美国将不会强迫任何国家接受我们的国家体制.Our goal instead is to help others find their own voice, attain their own freedom, and make their own way. 我们的目的,是帮助其他国家找到自己的声音,获得自身的自由,发现自己的自由之路.The great objective of ending tyranny is the concentrated work of generations.终结专制统治的巨大使命是几代人努力的目标.The difficulty of the task is no excuse for avoiding it.其难度不是无所作为的借口.Americas influence is not unlimited, but fortunately for the oppressed, Americas influence is considerable, and we will use it confidently in freedoms cause. 美国的影响有限,但值得庆幸的是,美国的影响也是有力的,我们将充满信心地在追求自由的道路上帮助你们.My most solemn duty is to protect this nation and its people from further attacks and emerging threats.我最庄严的责任是保护我的国家和它的人民不再受到任何袭击和威胁.Some have unwisely chosen to test Americas resolve, and have found it firm. 有些人不明智地选择了试探美国的决心,他们发现了我们坚定的意志.We will persistently clarify the choice before every ruler and every nation:我们坚定地给每一个统治者每一个国家提出这样的选择:The moral choice between oppression, which is always wrong, and freedom, which is eternally right. 请在压迫---这终究是错的,与自由---这永远是正确的,之间做道义的选择03/438283

21世纪·希望之星全国英语演讲比赛 第六名 美国经典英文演讲100篇总统演讲布莱尔首相演讲美国总统布什演讲快报 200808/46117

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