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时间:2018年11月20日 20:05:26

An American friend has invited you to visit his family. You've never been to an American's home before, and you're not sure what to do. Should you take a gift? How should you dress? What time should you arrive? What should you do when you get there? Glad you asked. When you're the guest, you should just make yourself at home. That's what hospitality is all about: making people feel at home when they're not.   一位美国朋友邀请你去他家。你以前从未去过美国人的家,你不确定该怎么做。该带一个礼物吗?该怎么穿?该几点到?到了那里该做什么?很高兴你发问。你若是客人,只要使自己感到自在就好了。待客之道就是这样:虽然不是在家里,却使客人有实至如归之感。   The question of whether or not to bring a gift often makes guests squirm. Giving your host a gift is not just a social nicety in some cultures-it's expected. But in American culture, a guest is not obligated to bring a present. Of course, some people do bring a small token of appreciation to their host. Appropriate gifts for general occasions might be flowers, candy or-if the family has small children-toys. If you choose not to bring a gift, don't worry. No one will even notice.   是否带礼物的问题常使客人不安。在某些文化中,送主人礼物不只是社交礼节——还是必要的。但是在美国文化中,客人并不一定要带礼物。当然,有些人的确会带个表示感谢的小礼物给他们的主人。在一般情况下,带花或是糖果,如果这家人有小孩,玩具应当是恰当的礼物。如果你选择不带礼物,别担心,甚至没有人会注意到的。   American hospitality begins at home-especially when it involves food. Most Americans agree that good home cooking beats restaurant food any day. When invited for a meal, you might ask, "Can I bring anything?" Unless it's a potluck, where everyone brings a dish, the host will probably respond, "No, just yourself." For most informal dinners, you should wear comfortable, casual clothes. Plan to arrive on time, or else call to inform your hosts of the delay. During the dinner conversation, it's customary to compliment the hostess on the wonderful meal. Of course, the biggest compliment is to eat lots of food!   美国人的待客之道从家里开始——尤其是和食物有关。大多数美国人都同意,无论如何,好的家常菜胜过餐馆的菜。受邀吃饭时,你或许可以问:「我可以带些什么吗?」除非是每人带一道菜的聚餐,否则主人很可能会回答:「不用,你来就可以了。」大多数非正式的聚餐,你应该穿舒适、轻便的衣。设法准时到,否则打电话告诉主人你会晚点到。用餐时,习惯上,人们会称赞女主人烹调的美食。当然,最大的赞美是多吃!   When you've had plenty, you might offer to clear the table or wash the dishes. But since you're the guest, your hosts may not let you. Instead, they may invite everyone to move to the living room for dessert with tea or coffee. After an hour or so of general chit-chat, it's probably time to head for the door. You don't want to wear out your welcome. And above all, don't go snooping around the house. It's more polite to wait for the host to offer you a guided tour. But except for housewarmings, guests often don't get past the living room.   当你吃得差不多时,或许可以主动表示要帮忙清理桌子或洗碗盘,但你既是客人,你的主人可能不会让你这样做。他们或许会邀请大家到客厅吃点心、喝茶或咖啡。聊个大约一小时或许就该离去了,你可不希望变得不受欢迎吧。还有最重要的是不要在屋子里四处窥探,等主人邀请你参观才较有礼貌。可是除了乔迁喜宴之外,客人通常都只待在客厅里。   Americans usually like to have advance notice when people come to see them. Only very close friends drop by unannounced. This is especially true if the guests want to stay for a few days. Here's a good rule of thumb for house guests: Short stays are best. As one 19th century French writer put it, "The first day a man is a guest, the second a burden, the third a pest." Even relatives don't usually stay for several weeks at a time. While you're staying with an American family, try to keep your living area neat and tidy. Your host family will appreciate your consideration. And they may even invite you back!   美国人通常喜欢访客事先通知他们,只有非常亲密的朋友才可能不请自来,尤其在客人要待好几天时更是如此。最好不要久留——这是给访客的经验之谈。如同十九世纪一位法国作家所写的:「第一天是客人,第二天是负担,第三天就是讨厌鬼了。」即使是亲戚通常也不会一次待上几个星期。当你住在美国人家里时,设法使你住的地方保持整齐清洁。你的主人一家都会感谢你这么体贴,他们甚至会再邀请你!   Most Americans consider themselves hospitable people. Folks in the southern ed States, in particular, take pride in entertaining guests. In fact, "southern hospitality" has become legendary. But in all parts of America, people welcome their guests with open arms. So don't be surprised to find the welcome mat out for you. Just don't forget to wipe your feet.   大多数美国人都认为他们是好客之人。尤其是美国的南方人更以款待客人自豪,事实上,「南方的款待」是人们所津津乐道口口相传的。不过在美国各地,人们都展开双臂欢迎他们的客人,所以当你发现有WELCOME字样的鞋垫为你而时,别惊讶,只是别忘了把你的脚擦干净就是了。 /201003/100271

韩国文化广播公司记者:我们非常关心“十二五”规划中关于推动文化大发展、大繁荣的内容。中国是人类文明的发祥地之一,具有悠久的历史和文化传统。请问中国将如何发挥这种优势来提升国家的软实力?在文化领域有什么具体政策和发展方向?Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation of the ROK: We have paid close attention to the part in China#39;s 12th Five-Year Plan about promoting cultural development and prosperity. China is one of the birthplaces of human civilization, and has a time-honored history and cultural tradition. My question is what will China do to give full play to its cultural advantage and boost the country#39;s soft power. What will be the specific policies taken in this field?温家宝:一个国家的实力不仅表现在经济上,而且表现在国民素质、文化发展和道德情操上。我们国家有着5000多年的文化传统。在世界上,历经劫波而现在还保存完整传承下来的文明古国中,中国是一个典范。文化传统是一个国家的灵魂,文化传统更具有感召力和凝聚力。我们一定要充分发扬祖国的文化传统,同时我们也懂得,要学习和借鉴世界先进的文明。只有这样,才能使祖国的文化得到进一步发展,也就是我常说的,只有开放包容,才能使国家强大。在“十二五”和今后相当长的时间内,我们都要把文化的改革和发展放在重要的位置。加强文化建设,改革文化体制,建设一高素质的文化队伍,积极开展群众性的文化活动,使中国文化有一个大发展和大繁荣。我们还要善于把文化传统与时代精神结合起来,把发扬我国的传统文化与吸收借鉴外国的先进文明结合起来,使祖国文化再展辉煌。Premier Wen Jiabao: I believe the strength of a country lies in not only its economy but also the educational level of its people, cultural development, and moral and ethical standards. China has a 5,000-year cultural heritage. The Chinese civilization has continued uninterrupted despite the many trials and tribulations. Culture is the soul of a nation. And cultural tradition is a strong source of inspiration and cohesiveness. We must bring into full play the strength of China#39;s cultural heritage and at the same time learn from and draw upon the fine achievements of other civilizations. Only in this way will the Chinese culture enjoy greater development. As I have often said, only an open and inclusive country can be strong.We will further reform and develop our cultural programs on a priority basis during the 12th Five-Year Plan period and for an even longer time to come. We will pursue institutional reform, develop well-trained professionals and further promote the people-oriented cultural programs to boost cultural development and prosperity. We will integrate our cultural heritage with the spirit of the times and combine our efforts to carry forward the Chinese cultural heritage with efforts to draw upon the culture of other countries so that the Chinese culture will continue to brim with vigor and vitality. /201204/177400


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