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Douglas MacArthur: Born to Be a SoldierWritten by Paul Thompson (MUSIC)ANNCR: Now, the VOA Special English program PEOPLE IN AMERICA. Today Rich Kleinfeldt and Sarah Long tell about one of the most unusual and successful American military leaders, General Douglas MacArthur.(MUSIC)VOICE ONE:General Douglas MacArthur was a most unusual man. He was extremely intelligent and very demanding. He expected his orders to be followed exactly. Yet he had problems all his life following the orders of those who were his commanders.Douglas MacArthur was very intelligent and could remember things that others would easily forget. He could design battle plans that left the enemy no choice other than surrender and defeat. His battle plans defeated the enemy and saved as many of his own men as possible.At other times, he would make simple mistakes that made him appear stupid. He often said things that showed he felt important. Many people made jokes about him. Some of his soldiers sang songs that made fun of him. Others believed he was the best general ever to serve in the ed States military.General Douglas MacArthur was extremely brave in battle, sometimes almost foolish. It often seemed as if he believed he could not be killed. He won every medal and honor the ed States can give a soldier. However, at the end of his life, he rejected war and warned American political leaders to stay away from armed conflict.(MUSIC)VOICE TWO:Douglas MacArthur was born to be a soldier. His father, Arthur MacArthur, was a hero of the American Civil War and continued to serve in the army after the war ended in eighteen sixty-five. He became the top officer of the army in nineteen-oh-six.Douglas was born on an Army base near the southern city of Little Rock, Arkansas in January, eighteen eighty. He grew up on army bases where his father served. He said the first sounds he could remember as a child were those of the Army: the sounds of horns, drums and soldiers marching.VOICE ONE:There was never any question about what Douglas MacArthur would do with his life. He would join the army. He wanted to enter the ed States Military Academy at West Point, New York. The Academy is a university that trains officers for the ed States Army. School officials rejected him two times before he was accepted. He finished his four years at West Point as the best student in his class.VOICE TWO:Douglas MacArthur began his service in the Army by traveling to several Asian countries including Japan, and to the Philippines, then an American territory. He also served at several small bases in the ed States. He became a colonel when World War One began. He led troops on very dangerous attacks against the enemy. He won many honors for his bravery and leadership. After that war, he served as head of the West Point Military Academy. He became a general. During the nineteen thirties, President Herbert Hoover appointed him Chief of Staff of the Army, one of the most important jobs in the American military.In nineteen-thirty-five, General MacArthur was appointed military advisor to the Philippines. He was to help the government build an army for defense purposes as the Philippines began planning for independence. He had retired from the army. He was the chief military advisor to the Philippine military forces when the ed States entered World War Two in December, nineteen forty-one.VOICE ONE:Japanese aggression in the Pacific developed very quickly. Japanese troops began arriving in the Philippines on December eleventh, nineteen forty-one. The fighting was extremely fierce.President Roosevelt The Japanese were defeating the Philippine and American forces. General MacArthur had been recalled to active duty by President . President Roosevelt ordered MacArthur to leave the Philippines to command American forces in the South Pacific. General MacArthur finally agreed to leave for Australia before the Philippines surrendered to Japan. But he made a promise to the Philippine people. He said, "I shall return."VOICE TWO:Military history experts continue to study General MacArthur's decisions during World War Two. He won battle after battle in the South Pacific area. Often, he would pass islands with strong enemy forces, cut off their supplies and leave them with no chance to fight. In nineteen forty-four, he returned to the Philippines with an army that defeated the Japanese.VOICE ONE:MacArthur was chosen to accept the Japanese surrender in September, nineteen forty-five. He was appointed Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, the leader of the occupation forces that would rule Japan. As an American soldier, he had to follow the orders of the government in Washington. But in Japan, General MacArthur ruled like a dictator.VOICE TWO:The Japanese expected severe punishment. They saw MacArthur as a very conservative ruler who would make Japan suffer.MacArthur did charge some Japanese leaders with war crimes. But he did not try to punish the Japanese people.General MacArthur told the Japanese they must change, both politically and socially. He began with education. Before the war, female children in Japan received little if any education. MacArthur said education would be for everyone, including girls and women.He said women must have the right to vote in elections, and be permitted to hold political office. He said Japanese women would now have the same legal rights as men. And he said that every person had the same legal protection under the law.VOICE ONE:General MacArthur told the Japanese people they were now free to form political parties. And he ended the idea of an official government religion. Religion would be a matter of individual choice. He also said the Japanese government would no longer be controlled by a few powerful people.MacArthur told Japan it would now be ruled by a parliament that was freely elected by the people. He helped the people of Japan write a new constitution for a democratic form of government.(MUSIC)VOICE TWO:On June twenty-fifth, nineteen fifty, North Korean troops invaded South Korea. Within two days, the ed States decided to send armed forces to aid South Korea.Douglas MacArthur was appointed commander of the ed Nations forces in South Korea. As the weeks passed, the North Korean army forced the South Korean Army and its allies to retreat to the southern city of Pusan.Many military experts said South Korea was lost. General MacArthur did not agree. He wanted to attack from the sea, deep behind the enemy troops at the city of Inchon. MacArthur said the enemy would not be prepared. Most other military leaders believed this would be extremely dangerous. American Marines did attack Inchon September fifteenth. It was a complete success. MacArthur had been right.VOICE ONE:General MacArthur often disagreed with political leaders. President Truman warned him several times not to disagree with government policy. General MacArthur continued to disagree and told reporters when he did. He often gave orders that were not approved by the president. President Truman MacArthur called for a total victory in Korea. He wanted to defeat communism in East Asia. He wanted to bomb Chinese bases in Manchuria and block Chinese ports. President Truman and his military advisers were concerned World War Three would start.In April, nineteen fifty-one, President Truman replaced MacArthur as head of the U.N. forces in Korea. Douglas MacArthur went home to the ed States. It was the first time he had been there in more than fifteen years. He was honored as a returning hero. He was invited to speak before Congress. There was a huge parade to honor him in New York City.VOICE TWO:General MacArthur retired again. Some political leaders wanted him to compete for some political office, perhaps for president. Instead, he lived a quiet life with his wife and son. He died at the age of eighty-four on April fifth, nineteen sixty-four.Today, many Americans have forgotten Douglas MacArthur. However, the people of the Philippines built a statue to honor him for keeping his promise to return. And, many Japanese visitors go to General MacArthur's burial place in Norfolk, Virginia to remember what he did for Japan.(MUSIC)ANNCR: This Special English program was written by Paul Thompson. Your narrators were Rich Kleinfeldt and Sarah Long. I’m Shirley Griffith. Listen again next week for another PEOPLE IN AMERICA program on the Voice of America. Article/200803/29213。

Henry helped me to catch the train. The journey seemed very long, and it was late at night before the train reached Geneva. I decided to spend the night in a village outside the town and go home early in the morning. I wanted to see the place where William had died.亨利帮我上了火车。旅途似乎非常漫长;火车到达日内瓦之前已经是深夜了。我决定在城外的一个村子里过夜,然后清晨再回家。我想看看威廉死去的地方。As I started my walk, a storm broke and lightning lit the sky. The police had put posts round the place where the murderer had strangled William,so I found it easily.I cried sadly as I stood there. My poor brother had been a kind and happy boy, and we had all loved him.在我开始步行时,暴发了一场暴风雨,闪电划亮了天空。警察已在威廉被凶手勒死的地方围上了木桩,这样我很容易地找到了那儿。我站在那儿伤心地哭泣着。我可怜的弟弟一向是个善良而快乐的孩子,并且我们都很爱他。Again the lightning lit the sky, and I saw a huge figure standing in the rain. When I saw it, I knew at once what it was.It was the creature that I had made.闪电又一次照亮了天空,我看见雨中站着一个巨大的人。当我看见时,我立马就知道那是谁了。那是我创造的那个家伙。What was he doing there?But although I asked myself the question, I knew the answer. He had murdered my brother. I was sure that I was right.他在那儿干什么?尽管我在问自己这个问题,却已知道了。是他杀死了我的弟弟。我敢肯定我是对的。I decided to try and catch him.But as I moved, he ran to-wards the mountains. He ran much faster than any man. He climbed the mountain easily, reached the top, and disappeared.我决心要抓住他。但在我走动时,他朝山上跑去了。他比任何人都跑得快。他轻松地爬着山,到了山顶并且消失不见了。I stood there in the dark and the rain, and knew that I had created a monster. And he had murdered my brother.我在黑暗中站着并淋着雨,知道自己创造了一个怪物。是他杀死了我的弟弟。 /201205/180903。

10 A night outside the castle10 城堡外的一夜I wanted Duke Michael to think that I was still very ill,so we told the newspapers that the King had had a very serious accident.我想让迈克尔公爵以为我还十分虚弱,所以我们在报纸上说国王出了很严重的意外事故。When Princess Flavia this,she was very worried and she decided to come and see me.当弗蕾维亚公主看到这条消息时,她非常忧虑,决定前来看我。The Marshal could not stop her,and,although I was afraid for her,I was ex cited at the thought of seeing her again.We spent two wonderfully happy days together.元帅阻止不了她。虽然我替她担心,但也很高兴能再见到她。我们在一起过了幸福的两天。We had sent Johann back to the Castle of Zenda and suddenly we had a message from him.The real King was very ill.我们派约翰回曾达的城堡去了。突然,我们得到了他传来的一个消息:真正的国王病得很重。#39;I must save him,#39;I said to myself.#39;I love Flavia more each day.I can#39;t go on like this much longer.#39;“我得救他。”我对自己说,“我对弗蕾维亚的爱每天都在增加,我没法儿再这样继续下去了。”I talked to Sapt.He agreed,so we made our plans.我和萨普特谈了我的想法,他同意了。我们就决定了行动计划。Late the next night,Sapt,Fritz,and I,with six more men,rode out towards the Castle of Zenda.Sapt was carrying a long rope and I had a short,thick stick and a long knife.第二天深夜,萨普特、弗里茨和我,还有另外六个人,骑马向曾达城堡进发。萨普特带着一根长绳,我拿着一根又短又粗的棍子和一把长刀。The night was dark,and it was wet and windy.We stayed away from the town and we met no one.When we came to the moat,we stopped near some trees and the six men hid there with the horses.Then Sapt tied the rope round one of the trees near the water.I pulled off my boots,put the stick between my teeth and gently went down the rope into the water.I was going to take a look at the pipe.夜色很黑,空气潮湿。我们绕开城市前进,没有撞上什么人。我们来到护城河的附近,在树丛里停了下来,那六个人和我们的马藏在里面。然后萨普特把绳子系在水边的树上,我脱下靴子,用牙咬着棍子,轻轻地顺着绳子下到河里,我要去看一下那根排水管。It had been warm and bright that day,and the water was not cold.Slowly and carefully I swam round the dark walls of the castle.那天很暖和,水也不冷。我缓慢而小心地绕着黑暗的城墙游着。There were lights in the new buildings,and from time to time I heard people shouting and laughing.#39;That must be young Rupert and his friends,#39;I thought.城堡的新楼里有灯光,我不时能听见人们的叫声和笑声。“这一定是年轻的鲁帕特和他的同伙们。”我想。Suddenly a dark shape appeared in front of me.It was the pipe!The bottom of it was very wide and came out into the moat.And then I saw something which nearly made my heart stop.突然,一个黑影子出现在我的面前,是那根排水管!它的底部非常宽,伸进护城河里。然后我见到一样东西,我的心脏都几乎停止了跳动。It was a boat, and in the boat there was a man!His gun was beside him,but,luckily,he was asleep.As quietly as I could,I moved closer. The man still slept.是一只船,而且船里有个人!他的就靠在身边。幸运的是,他睡着了。我尽量轻轻地靠近他,他还在睡。What could I do? I had to save the King.I took out my knife and drove it through the sleeping man#39;s heart!On the other side of the castle they were still singing.我能怎么办呢?我得救出国王。我抽出刀,刺进了他的心脏。在城堡的另一边,那些人还在唱歌。I had very little time.Someone could come at any minute.I looked up at where the pipe went through the wall into the prison.我的时间很紧,随时可能有人会来,我看了看排水管穿过城墙进入监狱的地方,There was a thin line of light at the bottom edge.I heard Detchard#39;s voice,and then I heard the King reply.在那个地方的底端有一丝光亮透了出来。我听见了戴查德的声音。Just then the light went out,and,in the darkness,I heard the King crying.I did not call to him.然后我听见了国王的回答。就在这时灯光灭了。在黑暗中我听到了国王的哭声。我没叫他。I had to get away safely- and take the body of the dead watchman with me.我必须安全地离开,而且得带上那个死去的哨兵。I climbed into the boat and began to go back to where my friends were.No one could hear me because the wind was strong.我爬进小船,开始往朋友们所在的地方划,没人能听见,因为风很大。But from somewhere behind me,I heard a shout.Someone was calling to the watchman.I reached the side of the moat where Sapt and Fritz were waiting.但从我的背后,我听见一声叫唤,有人正在叫那个哨兵。我到了河边,萨普特和弗里茨正在等我。Quickly,I tied the rope round the man#39;s body and Sapt and Fritz pulled it up.Then I climbed up the rope myself.我很快地把绳子绕在那个哨兵的身上,他们把他拖了上去。然后我也顺着绳子爬了上去。#39;Call our men from the trees,#39;I said quietly.#39;And hurry!#39;“把我们的人叫来,”我悄声说。“要快!”But just then,three men rode round from the front of the castle.Luckily,they did not see us,but they heard our six friends riding out of the trees,and with a shout they galloped towards them.可就在此时,从城堡正面过来了三个骑马的人,很幸运他们没有看见我们,但他们听见了我们的六个朋友骑马从树林里出来,于是叫喊着扑向他们。Seconds later we heard the sound of shots and I ran to help our men.Sapt and Fritz followed.数秒钟后我们听见了声,我冲去帮助我们的人,萨普特和弗里茨紧跟着。#39;Kill them!#39;cried a voice.It was Rupert of Hentzau.“杀死他们!”一个声音叫着,是亨佐的鲁帕特。#39;Too late!They#39;ve got both of us!#39;cried another voice.#39;Save yourself,Rupert!#39;“太迟了,他们把我俩都抓住了,”另一个声音叫道:“快逃吧,鲁帕特!”I ran on,holding my stick in my hand.Suddenly,through the darkness,I saw a horse coming towards me.I jumped at the horse#39;s head,and saw the man#39;s face above me.我跑着,手里拿着棍子。突然,透过黑暗我看见一匹马向我这边冲来,我跳到了马头前,看见了我头顶上方那个人的脸。#39;At last!#39;I shouted.#39;Rupert of Hentzau!#39;“总算见面了!”我叫道:“亨佐的鲁帕特!” /201205/184397。

有声名著之化身士 Chapter6英文原著:Dr.Jekyll.and.Mr.Hyde化身士文本下载 相关名著:有声名著之查泰莱夫人的情人有声名著之简爱有声名著之呼啸山庄有声名著之傲慢与偏见有声名著之儿子与情人有声名著之红与黑有声名著之歌剧魅影有声名著之了不起的盖茨比有声名著之远大前程有声名著之巴斯史维尔猎犬 Article/200810/51781。

`Here!' cried Alice, quite forgetting in the flurry of the moment how large she had grown in the last few minutes, and she jumped up in such a hurry that she tipped over the jury-box with the edge of her skirt, upsetting all the jurymen on to the heads of the crowd below, and there they lay sprawling about, reminding her very much of a globe of goldfish she had accidentally upset the week before. `Oh, I BEG your pardon!' she exclaimed in a tone of great dismay, and began picking them up again as quickly as she could, for the accident of the goldfish kept running in her head, and she had a vague sort of idea that they must be collected at once and put back into the jury-box, or they would die. Article/201105/134583。

2When the Lord was about to take Elijah up to heaven in a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal. 2Elijah said to Elisha, "Stay here; the Lord has sent me to Bethel." But Elisha said, "As surely as the Lord lives and as you live, I will not leave you." So they went down to Bethel. 3The company of the prophets at Bethel came out to Elisha and asked, "Do you know that the Lord is going to take your master from you today?" "Yes, I know," Elisha replied, "but do not speak of it." 4Then Elijah said to him, "Stay here, Elisha; the Lord has sent me to Jericho." And he replied, "As surely as the Lord lives and as you live, I will not leave you." So they went to Jericho. 5The company of the prophets at Jericho went up to Elisha and asked him, "Do you know that the Lord is going to take your master from you today?" "Yes, I know," he replied, "but do not speak of it." 6Then Elijah said to him, "Stay here; the Lord has sent me to the Jordan." And he replied, "As surely as the Lord lives and as you live, I will not leave you." So the two of them walked on. 7Fifty men of the company of the prophets went and stood at a distance, facing the place where Elijah and Elisha had stopped at the Jordan. 8Elijah took his cloak, rolled it up and struck the water with it. The water divided to the right and to the left, and the two of them crossed over on dry ground. 9When they had crossed, Elijah said to Elisha, "Tell me, what can I do for you before I am taken from you?" "Let me inherit a double portion of your spirit," Elisha replied. 10"You have asked a difficult thing," Elijah said, "yet if you see me when I am taken from you, it will be yours-otherwise not." 11As they were walking along and talking together, suddenly a chariot of fire and horses of fire appeared and separated the two of them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind. 12Elisha saw this and cried out, "My father! My father! The chariots and horsemen of Israel!" And Elisha saw him no more. Then he took hold of his own clothes and tore them apart. 13He picked up the cloak that had fallen from Elijah and went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan. 14Then he took the cloak that had fallen from him and struck the water with it. "Where now is the Lord , the God of Elijah?" he asked. When he struck the water, it divided to the right and to the left, and he crossed over. 15The company of the prophets from Jericho, who were watching, said, "The spirit of Elijah is resting on Elisha." And they went to meet him and bowed to the ground before him. 16"Look," they said, "we your servants have fifty able men. Let them go and look for your master. Perhaps the Spirit of the Lord has picked him up and set him down on some mountain or in some valley." "No," Elisha replied, "do not send them." 17But they persisted until he was too ashamed to refuse. So he said, "Send them." And they sent fifty men, who searched for three days but did not find him. 18When they returned to Elisha, who was staying in Jericho, he said to them, "Didn't I tell you not to go?" 19The men of the city said to Elisha, "Look, our lord, this town is well situated, as you can see, but the water is bad and the land is unproductive." 20"Bring me a new bowl," he said, "and put salt in it." So they brought it to him. 21Then he went out to the spring and threw the salt into it, saying, "This is what the Lord says: 'I have healed this water. Never again will it cause death or make the land unproductive.' " 22And the water has remained wholesome to this day, according to the word Elisha had spoken. 23From there Elisha went up to Bethel. As he was walking along the road, some youths came out of the town and jeered at him. "Go on up, you baldhead!" they said. "Go on up, you baldhead!" 24He turned around, looked at them and called down a curse on them in the name of the Lord . Then two bears came out of the woods and mauled forty-two of the youths. 25And he went on to Mount Carmel and from there returned to Samaria. Article/200809/49062。

幸运的是这只小魔术瓶的作用已经发挥完了,她不再长了,可是心里很不舒,看来没有可能从这个房子里出去了。 Alas! it was too late to wish that! She went on growing, and growing, and very soon had to kneel down on the floor: in another minute there was not even room for this, and she tried the effect of lying down with one elbow against the door, and the other arm curled round her head. Still she went on growing, and, as a last resource, she put one arm out of the window, and one foot up the chimney, and said to herself `Now I can do no more, whatever happens. What WILL become of me?' Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle had now had its full effect, and she grew no larger: still it was very uncomfortable, and, as there seemed to be no sort of chance of her ever getting out of the room again, no wonder she felt unhappy. Article/201012/120441。