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来源:飞度咨询医院排行榜    发布时间:2018年10月22日 22:19:05    编辑:admin         

These are ancient dice, made out of sheeps knuckles. Right?这些是古老的骰子,由羊的关节骨制作而成Before we had awesome game controllers,在我们设计出游戏控制器前we had sheeps knuckles.我们人类已经拥有了羊关节制作的骰子And these represent the first game equipment这就是人类设计出的designed by human beings.最早的游戏器械And if youre familiar with the work of the ancient Greek historian如果你对古希腊历史学家的作品比较熟悉的话Herodotus, you might know this history,如古希腊历史学家希罗多德,你就会了解这段历史which is the history of游戏发明的历史who invented games and why.是什么以及原因是什么呢Herodotus says that games, particularly dice games,希罗多德说游戏,特别是骰子游戏were invented in the kingdom of Lydia是由Lydia(小亚细亚西部的富裕古国)during a time of famine.王国在一次大饥荒中发明的Apparently, there was such a severe famine显然,历史上曾经有过这么一次严重的饥荒that the king of Lydia decided that they had to do something crazy.Lydia国王决定做一些他们不得不做的疯狂的事情People were suffering. People were fighting.当时人民在遭受痛苦,互相争斗It was an extreme situation, they needed形式非常危机。an extreme solution.他们需要一个极端的解决方案So, according to Herodotus, they invented dice games据希罗多德说,他们因此而发明了骰子游戏and they set up a kingdom-wide policy:并且制定了一个全国范围内的政策On one day, everybody would eat,某一天,所有人可以吃东西and on the next day, everybody would play games.但是第二天,所有人就只能玩游戏And they would be so immersed in playing the dice games人们专心的玩骰子游戏because games are so engaging,因为游戏极具吸引力and immerse us in such satisfying blissful productivity,可以使我们沉浸在如此自我满足的幸福“生产”活动中they would ignore the fact that they had no food to eat.人们就会忘掉他们没有食物可吃的事实And then on the next day, they would play games;第二天人们就会通过玩游戏度日and on the next day, they would eat.接下来的第二天他们就会去吃东西And according to Herodotus,据希罗多德所说they passed 18 years this way,Lydia国的人民用这种方式度过了18年surviving through a famine用吃一天、玩游戏玩一天的方式by eating on one day and playing games on the next.他们顺利的度过了大饥荒Now, this is exactly, I think,这也是现如今我们how were using games today.如何看待游戏的Were using games to escape real-world suffering.我们通过玩游戏逃避现实中的痛苦Were using games to get away from everything thats broken我们通过玩游戏来避开现实环境中那些in the real environment, everything thats not satisfying about real life,残缺不全、不能令人满意的东西and were getting what we need from games.同时从中获取我们所需的东西But it doesnt have to end there.而这个过程可以实现永无止境This is really exciting.这是令人非常激动的According to Herodotus, after 18 years据希罗多德所著,在18年后the famine wasnt getting better,大饥荒没有任何改善、变好的迹象so the king decided they would play one final dice game.因此,国王决定全国人玩最后一次骰子游戏They divided the entire kingdom in half.他把全国人平均分成两组They played one dice game,他们一起玩一场骰子游戏and the winners of that game got to go on an epic adventure.游戏的胜利一方将会踏上冒险的远征行程They would leave Lydia,他们将会离开Lydiaand they would go out in search of a new place to live,去寻找一个新地方居住leaving behind just enough people留下来的人则可以用to survive on the resources that were available,现存的资源度过饥荒and hopefully to take their civilization离开的人则肩负着传播、somewhere else where they could thrive.兴旺文明的重担Now, this sounds crazy, right?这听起来很疯狂,难道不是吗?But recently, DNA evidence不过,最近DNA据显示has shown that the Etruscans,罗马帝国的祖先——伊楚利亚人who then led to the Roman Empire,和古利迪亚人actually share the same DNA as the ancient Lydians.拥有相同的基因And so, recently, scientists have suggested最近科学家们发现that Herodotus crazy story is actually true.希罗多德的疯狂故事在历史上确有其事And geologists have found evidence地质学家也寻找到了据of a global cooling that lasted表明地球上曾经有过长达20年的全球降温for nearly 20 years that could have explained the famine.这就可以解释这次大饥荒的由来了So, this crazy story might be true.因此,这个看似疯狂的故事兴许是真的They might have actually他们通过玩游戏保留了saved their culture by playing games,他们的文化escaping to games for 18 years,并且在游戏中躲避现实长达18年and then been so inspired,最终得以流传下来and knew so much about how to come together with games,他们早就参悟出了如何通过游戏把人聚到一起that they actually saved the entire civilization that way.也正是通过这种方式拯救了整个文明Okay, we can do that.我们也可以通过这种方式做到Weve been playing Warcraft since 1994.人们从1994年开始就在玩魔兽了That was the first real-time strategy game这是魔兽世界系列里的第一款实时的战略游戏from the World of Warcraft series. That was 16 years ago.而这就是16年前的事情They played dice games for 18 years,古人玩骰子游戏长达18年weve been playing Warcraft for 16 years.我们则玩魔兽16年I say we are y for our own epic game.所以我断言,我们已经准备好去接受一个能改变我们生活的游戏了201511/409572。

Thank you all. Thank you so much. Thank you. Thank you all very much. You know, I always feel welcome at Miami-Dade College. This is a place that welcomes everyone with their hearts set on the future – a place where hope leads to achievement, and striving leads to success. For all of us, it is just the place to be in the campaign that begins today.We are 17 months from the time for choosing. The stakes for Americas future are about as great as they come. Our prosperity and our security are in the balance. So is opportunity, in this nation where every life matters and everyone has the right to rise.Aly, the choice is taking shape. The party now in the White House is planning a no-suspense primary, for a no-change election. To hold onto power. To slog on with the same agenda under another name: Thats our opponents call to action this time around. Thats all theyve got left.And you and I know that America deserves better.They have offered a progressive agenda that includes everything but progress. They are responsible for the slowest economic recovery ever, the biggest debt increases ever, a massive tax increase on the middle class, the relentless buildup of the regulatory state, and the swift, mindless drawdown of a military that was generations in the making.I, for one, am not eager to see what another four years would look like under that kind of leadership.The presidency should not be passed on from one liberal to the next.So, heres what it comes down to. Our country is on a very bad course. And the question is: What are we going to do about it?The question for me is: What am I going to do about it?And I have decided.I am a candidate for President of the ed States of America.We will take command of our future once again in this country.We will lift our sights again, make opportunity common again, get events in the world moving our way again.We will take Washington – the static capital of this dynamic country – and turn it out of the business of causing problems.And we will get back on the side of free enterprise and free people.I know we can fix this because Ive done it.Here, in this great and diverse state that looks so much like America.So many challenges could be overcome if we just get this economy growing at full strength. There is not a reason in the world why we cannot grow at a rate of four percent a year.And that will be my goal as President – four percent growth, and the 19 million new jobs that come with it.Economic growth that makes a difference for hard-working men and women – who dont need a reminding that the economy is more than the stock market.Growth that lifts up the middle class – all the families who havent had a raise in 15 years. Growth that makes a difference for everyone.Its possible.It can be done.We made Florida number one in job creation and number one in small business creation. 1.3 million new jobs, 4.4 percent growth, higher family income, eight balanced budgets, and tax cuts eight years in a row that saved our people and businesses 19 billion dollars.All this plus a bond upgrade to Triple-A compared to the sorry downgrade of Americas credit in these years. That was the commitment, and that is the record that turned this state around.I also used my veto power to protect our taxpayers from needless spending.And if I am elected President, Ill show Congress how thats done.Leaders have to think big, and weve got a tax code filled with small-time thinking and self-interested politics. What swarms of lobbyists have done, we can undo with a vastly simpler system – clearing out special favors for the few reducing rates for all.201508/390851。

Many have been tricked by false promises of a good education, a better job, only to find that theyre forced to work without pay under the threat of violence,他们当中很多人都是被虚假承诺所骗轻信所谓好的教育机会、好的工作机会而被迫无偿工作经受暴力威胁,and they cannot walk away.并且无法逃脱。Todays slavery is about commerce,今天的奴隶制度关乎商业利益,so the goods that enslaved people produce have value,奴隶制造的商品具有价值,but the people producing them are disposable.但是创造价值的人却是被随意处置的。Slavery exists everywhere, nearly, in the world,奴隶制度存在于世上的几乎每一个角落,and yet it is illegal everywhere in the world.即使它无论在何处都是违法的。In India and Nepal, I was introduced to the brick kilns.在印度和尼泊尔,我被带到砖窑里。This strange and awesome sight was like walking into ancient Egypt or Dantes Inferno.那里的景象极其怪异感觉就像走进了古埃及或者但丁描述的地狱。Enveloped in temperatures of 130 degrees,在50多摄氏度的高温中,men, women, children, entire families in fact,男人,女人,小孩,事实上是一整个家庭,were cloaked in a heavy blanket of dust,在厚厚的灰尘笼罩下,while mechanically stacking bricks on their head,机械地把砖块往自己的头顶上垒,up to 18 at a time, and carrying them from the scorching kilns to trucks hundreds of yards away.每次叠上18块然后搬运到离砖窑几百米远的卡车上。Deadened by monotony and exhaustion,单调和疲惫消磨着他们,they work silently, doing this task over and over for 16 or 17 hours a day.他们安静着劳动着,一遍又一遍的干着同样的活,一天16到17个小时。There were no breaks for food, no water breaks,中途不能休息,不能吃饭,不能喝水,and the severe dehydration made urinating pretty much inconsequential.由于极度的缺水他们基本上也不需要上厕所。So pervasive was the heat and the dust that my camera became too hot to even touch and ceased working.由于那里面的闷热和尘土,我的相机烫得没法拿也无法运转。201510/402001。

Today, we are also announcing a new service for small and medium businesses called Compaq Online Services.今天,我们还将宣布一种面向中小型企业的新的务--康柏在线务。This global initiative is designed to meet the needs of small and medium businesses for quicker access to online sales opportunities and more efficient ways of doing business.这是一种全球务,旨在满足中小型企业对于快速获得在线销售机会,以及高效率地从事在线商业活动的需求。In partnership with industry leaders like UPS, GTE and Microsoft as well as key Internet ISVs like INEX, Visto and E-Stamp Compaq Online Services will provide instant electronic commerce solutionselectronic postage secure, real-time delivery of electronic files and 24-hour access to back-up and restore services.康柏在线务与诸多业界领先厂商广泛合作,如UPS、GTE和Microsoft公司,以及主要的Internet务提供商,如INEX、Visto和E-Stamp,将为客户提供如下务:即时电子商务解决方案、电子邮寄、安全实时的电子文件发送以及24小时的备份和恢复务访问等。These services will be available soon through our SMB Solution Providers as well as through another innovative, Internet-based program we call Club Web.这些务很快将通过康柏的SMB解决方案提供商提供给客户。客户也可通过一个称为ClubWeb的Internet创新计划获得以上务。Club Web is a community of providers that offer Internet solutions in a coordinated manner for the benefit of our customers.ClubWeb是众多供应商的社区,他们以联合的方式向客户提供Internet解决方案,以使客户获得更大的利益。Basically, its a one-stop, on-line store stocked with products and services offered by Compaq partners.实际上,ClubWeb就是一个一步到位的在线商场,它拥有康柏合作伙伴提供的各种产品和务。The primary purpose of Club Web is to connect customers with providers such as Web developers Internet Service Providers and resellers who have special skills in planning, implementing and maintaining our Internet solutions.ClubWeb的主要宗旨就是将客户与供应商连接起来,这些供应商包括Web开发商,Internet务提供商,以及在Internet解决方案的规划、实施和维护方面有特殊专长的分销商。What these examples demonstrate is the Internets power as a tool not only to provide information but to deliver an even more valuable commodity - knowledge.以上这些例子表明,Internet做为一种工具,不仅仅能够提供信息,而且能够提供另外一种价值更高的商品,这就是知识。Our goal is to help customers turn information into knowledge and knowledge into a competitive advantage.我们的目标就是帮助客户将获得的信息转化为知识,再将知识转化为竞争的优势。The combination of Compaq and Digital gives us a broad range of Web-based solutions for electronic commerce, Internet Service Providers, corporate Intranets and customer relationship management.康柏与DEC的合并为我们带来了更加广泛的Web解决方案,可以用于电子商务,Internet务提供商,企业内联网以及客户关系管理等。Earlier this year, Compaq introduced the industrys most flexible and comprehensive electronic business solutions.今年年初,康柏推出了一系列业界最灵活、最完善的电子商务解决方案。These solutions build on our e-commerce and firewall servers as well as our key relationships with leading applications providers.这些解决方案建立在康柏的电子商务和防火墙务器之上,并充分利用了我们与主要应用软件供应商的合作关系。The highly scalable and reliable systems delivered by Digital and Tandem are particularly important in the 24x7 environment of Internet commerce, where downtime means lost business.由DEC和天腾公司提供的高度可伸缩、可靠系统在Internet商务的24?7环境中尤为重要,因为在Internet商务中停机就意味着业务的损失。201311/264904。

You see the larger wing area here.你们可以看到这儿有面积更大的翅膀。Also, clearly, it was such a powerful thing,we wanted to try and bring other people but we couldnt figure out how to do it.而且,这还是件很有影响力的事情,我们希望能带动其他人一起参与进来。So we opened the worlds first flight school.所以我们开设了世界上第一家飞行学校。The rational for the worlds first flight school goes something like: when the coastguards come up to me and say这世界上第一家飞行学校的合理性搞成这个样子:当海岸警卫队找到我,跟我谈话,they used to leave us alone when we were diving these goofy little spherical things,在我们过去用这些愚蠢的圆形玩意潜水的时候,他们对我们不闻不问。but when we started flying around但当我们开始在在水下驾驶喷气式飞行器in underwater jet fighters they got a little nervous they would come up and say,Do you have a license for that?飞行的时候他们倒有点紧张了。他们会冒出来说,你有许可吗?And then Id put my sunglasses on, the beard that would all sprout out, and I would say,I dont need no stinking license.听了这话,我把太阳镜拿下来,我会说我不需要什么屁许可。I write these stinking license, which I do.我写了这些讨厌的许可,真的写了。So Bob Gelfonds around here but somebody in the audience here has license number 20.所以Bob Gelfons在这儿呢,但听众中有些人拥有20号许可。Theyre one of the first subsea aviators.他们是第一批的海底飞行员。So weve run two flight schools.我们举办了两期飞行学校。Where the hell that goes, I dont know, but its a lot of fun.这事今后怎么发展我不知道,但确实充满乐趣。What comes next in 30 seconds? I cant tell you.接下来30秒有什么?我不能告诉你们。But the patent for underwater flight Karen and I, we were looking at it,some business partners wanted us to patent it we werent sure about that.但说到水下飞行的专利,凯伦和我正看看这事儿的发展,有些商业伙伴希望我们申请专利。我们不确定。Weve decided were just going to let that go.我们已经决定不去管它。It just seems wrong to try and patent the freedom for underwater flight.申请专利对水下飞行的自由而言,似乎不是一件正确的事情。So anybody who wants to copy us and come and join us, go for it.因此无论谁想仿效我们,尽管行动,并加入我们,去吧。The other thing is that weve got much lower costs.另一件事情是,我们的成本已经降低很多。We developed some other technology called spider optics, and Craig Ventner asked me to make an announcement here this morning:我们发展了其他一些,称为蜘蛛光学的技术,克雷格文特也要我今天早上在这里做一个声明。were going to be building a beautiful, little,small version of this unmanned, super deep for his boat to go and get back some deep sea DNA stuff.我们将建造一个漂亮的,小型的,这种潜水器,无人驾驶,能潜得超级深,为他的考察船采集深海的DNA样品。Thank you.谢谢。201501/354225。

Kandels life, I believe demonstrates how a persistent curiosity can help us reach ambitious goals even with great roadblocks in the way坎德尔的一生 很好地明了持续的好奇心对雄心壮志的实现有多么重要它能让你不惧艰难险阻A second tool for lifelong intellectual growth is a willingness to listen carefully to others对于智力发展 受益终生的另一个工具是认真倾听他人的意愿These days, technology allows us access to a great bth of perspectives but it also allows us to limit what voices we hear to the narrow range we find most agreeable现如今 科技让我们具有了前所未有的信息获取广度不过我们还是更愿意将自己听到的声音限定在自己最赞同的那一狭小范围内Listening to others especially those with whom we disagree tests our own ideas and beliefs倾听他人特别是那些你不赞同的人能够测试我们自身的想法和信念It forces us to recognize, with humility that we dont have a monopoly on the truth它能迫使我们谦逊地承认我们对真理并没有垄断权Yankee Stadium is a natural venue for another lesson:洋基体育场则见了另一则启示You wont succeed all the time没人能够总是成功Even Ruth, Gehrig and DiMaggio failed most of time when they stepped to the plate就算是鲁斯 盖里格和狄马乔踏上棒球场时 很多时候也无法避免失败Finding the right path in life, more often than not, involves some missteps探索正确人生道路的过程中 自然也无法避免犯错My Federal Reserve colleagues and I experienced this as we struggled to address a financial and economic crisis that threatened the global economy我和美联储的同事都经历过这种挫折面对肆虐全球的金融和经济危机201504/365461。

I grew up in Northern Ireland, right up in the very, very north end of it there,我从小在北爱尔兰长大,就在爱尔兰岛的最最北边where its absolutely freezing cold.那里非常冷This was me running around in the back garden mid-summer.这张照片是一个夏天我在我们家后院玩的时候拍的I couldnt pick a career.我不知道该选择什么样的职业In Ireland the obvious choice is the military,在爱尔兰,最正常的选择应该是参军but to be honest it actually kind of sucks.但是,说实话,部队里太没劲了My mother wanted me to be a dentist.我妈希望我成为一个牙科医生But the problem was that people kept blowing everything up.但问题是,那个时候人们一直在到处乱扔炸弹So I actually went to school in Belfast,我去了贝尔法斯特的一个学校读书which was where all the action happened.所有的骚乱就是在那儿发生的And this was a pretty common sight.这张照片上就是当时常见的景象The school I went to was pretty boring.我上学的那个学校特别无聊They forced us to learn things like Latin.我们被逼着学了像拉丁语这样无聊的东西The school teachers werent having much fun, the sports were very dirty or very painful.学校的老师也都很没劲,学校里的体育项目又脏又累So I cleverly chose rowing, which I got very good at.于是我就非常聪明的选择了赛艇,后来我划得还不错And I was actually rowing for my school here照片上我正代表我的学校参加赛艇比赛until this fateful day, and I flipped over right in front of the entire school.直到灾难性的那天,我翻船了,当着全校师生的面,我翻船了And that was the finishing post right there.其实比赛的终点就在那儿So this was extremely embarrassing.那个时候我觉得特别特别尴尬But our school at that time got a grant from the government,不过后来我们学校从政府拿到一份津贴and they got an incredible computer -- the research machine 3DZ --然后他们买来一台惊人的计算机,用作研究的机器--3DZand they left the programming manuals lying around.当时他们就把编程手册扔在那儿And so students like myself with nothing to do, we would learn how to program it.于是像我这样无所事事的学生就会去看手册学习怎样在那台计算机上编程Also around this time, at home, this was the computer that people were buying.那个时候,我家乡那里的人们都会买这样的一台计算机It was called the Sinclair ZX80. This was a 1K computer,它叫做Sinclair ZX80,是一台只有1K(内存)的计算机and youd buy your programs on cassette tape.然后你就可以去买存在磁带上的程序来运行Actually Im just going to pause for one second,我要在这暂停一下because I heard that theres a prerequisite to speak here at TED我听说要在TED演讲必须有一个条件you had to have a picture of yourself from the old days with big hair.就是要有演讲者必须有一张自己以前留着蓬松长发的老照片So I brought a picture with big hair.根据要求我带来了这张照片I just want to get that out of the way.我就是想赶快先完成这个要求So after the Sinclair ZX80 came along the very cleverly named Sinclair ZX81.接着说,在Sinclair ZX80那台计算机之后,他们又推出了一台新的机器,这台机器名字很有创意叫做Sinclair ZX81And -- you see the picture at the bottom?大家看到底下的那张照片了吗?Theres a picture of a guy doing homework with his son.照片上是一个人在陪他的儿子做作业Thats what they thought they had built it for.这是厂商原来推出这台计算机的目的The reality is we got the programming manual and we started making games for it.而事实上,当我们拿到编程手册的时候,我们就马上开始在这台机器上做游戏了We were programming in BASIC,我们当时用的是BASIC语言编程的which is a pretty awful language for games,这个语言非常不适合用于游戏编程so we ended up learning Assembly language于是我们就开始学习汇编语言so we could really take control of the hardware.因为汇编语言可以让我们完全控制所有硬件This is the guy that invented it, Sir Clive Sinclair, and hes showing his machine.这就是发明那台机器的人,Clive Sinclair阁下,照片上他正在展示他的机器You had this same thing in America, it was called the Timex Sinclair1000.你们美国当时有一种同样的机器叫做Timex Sinclair1000To play a game in those days you had to have an imagination那个时候要玩游戏,你必须有一定的想象力to believe that you were really playing ;Battlestar Galactica.;要相信自己真的在玩《太空堡垒号》The graphics were just horrible.那个时候的图形画面非常差You had to have an even better imagination to play this game,要想玩这个游戏,你得有更强的想象力;Death Rider.;这是《死亡骑士》But of course the scientists couldnt help themselves.当然,科学家们可忍不住了They started making their own games.他们开始做自己的游戏This is one of my favorite ones here, where they have rabbit breeding,这是我最爱的游戏之一,这个游戏是关于养兔子的so males choose the lucky rabbit.雄兔选择走运的雌兔It was around this time we went from 1K to 16K, which was quite the leap.差不多这个时候,计算机从1K跳到了16K,这是一个非常大的跨越And if youre wondering how much 16K is, this eBay logo here is 16K.如果你在想16K到底有多大,这个eBAY的图标就有16KAnd in that amount of memory someone programmed a full flight simulation program.就在那么大的空间里,有人写出了一个完整的飞行模拟程序And thats what it looked like.那个程序看起来就像这样I spent ages flying this flight simulator,我花了好久在这上面开飞机and I honestly believed I could fly airplanes by the end of it.到后来,我真的以为我可以去开真的飞机了Heres Clive Sinclair now launching his color computer.这是Clive Sinclair发布他的色(屏幕)电脑Hes recognized as being the father of games in Europe.他被当作欧洲的之父Hes a multi-millionaire, and I think thats why hes smiling in this photograph.他是个千万富翁,我想这就是为什么他在照片里笑得那么开心吧So I went on for the next 20 years or so making a lot of different games.在接下来的20年里我一直在做不同的游戏201511/412209。