时间:2019年01月17日 17:27:10

摘要:数字7 数字7在《圣经》里代表完整。上帝创世用了六天,第七天歇了,意思是活儿已干完。这样他为世人立下规矩,干六天,歇一天,七天为一周。Seven is used frequently in the Bible to signify completeness. God created the world in six days, and had a rest on the seventh, meaning his job had been done. In this way he set the pattern for the seven-day week. The number also appears frequently in the third book of the Old Testament, in which it is connected with rules of offerings and cleansings. In the sixth book, an angel told Joshua that he and his men should march around the city of Jericho for six days, with the Ark of the Covenant carried in front of them. Seven priests blowing trumpets should march in front of the Ark. On the seventh day they must march around the city seven times. The Israelites did exactly as God had told them and finally they broke into the city. The book of Revelation is full of symbolic use of the number seven in connection with the things of God and his angels, and also the things of Satan and his followers, such as seven spirits, seven stars, seven churches, seven gold candlesticks. Superstitious people used to believe that the seventh son of a seventh son was gifted with supernatural powers. Three times seven is also lucky. Queen Victoria always had fine weather for her ceremonies because there were twenty-one cannons. Since seven seems to be a mysterious number, people have tended to create groups of seven things. For example, there were seven sages in ancient Greece; to Christians there are Seven Virtues: faith, hope, charity, prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance; and Seven Deadly Sins: pride, wrath, envy, lust, gluttony, avarice, and sloth. There are also “Seven Wonders of the World”. Finally, each man’s life is divided into seven stages, as Jaques describes in Shakespeare’s As You Like It. /200907/76750

'Meh': new word for indifference enters English dictionary"Meh", a word which indicates a lack of interest or enthusiasm, became the latest addition to the Collins English Dictionary on Monday.The word, which beat hundreds of other suggestions from members of the public, will feature in the 30th anniversary edition of the dictionary, which is to be published next year.Though the word apparently originates from North America, Collins said it was now widely used on the Internet, and was increasingly seen in British spoken English.The dictionary entry for "meh" will say it can be used as an interjection to indicate indifference or boredom, as an adjective to describe something as boring or mediocre, or to show an individual is apathetic or unimpressed.The word was popularized by the US comedy animation series "The Simpsons", where characters Bart and Lisa use it to express indifference when their father Homer suggests a day trip.It was submitted by Erin Whyte from Nottingham, central England, and a panel of Collins language experts singled it out from the hundreds of other submissions because of its frequency of use in modern English."This is a new interjection from the US that seems to have inveigled its way into common speech over here," said Cormac McKeown, head of content at Collins Dictionaries."It shows people are increasingly writing in a register somewhere in between spoken and written English."Other words submitted to Collins's campaign -- which was launched in June and called on members of the public to suggest words they used in everyday English -- were jargonaut (a fan of jargon); frenemy (an enemy disguised as a friend) and huggles (a hybrid of hugs and snuggles). 表示没兴趣或无聊的“Meh”一词于本周一成为《柯林斯英语字典》中的新成员。“Meh”从数百个由公众提名的候选词中脱颖而出,将收录至将于明年出版的《柯林斯英语字典》30周年纪念版中。尽管该词最初起源于北美,但柯林斯字典称,目前该词在网上十分流行,而且在英国人日常口语中的使用频率也越来越高。《柯林斯英语字典》对“meh”一词的解释是:可用作感叹词或形容词,表示感到无聊或没兴趣;或形容某事没意思或某人缺乏兴趣、冷淡。“Meh”一词的流行源于美国喜剧动画片《辛普森一家》,片中的巴特和莉莎对爸爸霍莫一日游的提议表示不感兴趣时,就用了这个词。该词由来自英格兰中部诺丁汉的艾林#8226;怀特提交。经柯林斯字典语言专家评审组的评定,鉴于该词在现代英语中的使用频率较高,所以最终从几百个候选词中胜出。柯林斯字典内容部负责人考玛克#8226;麦克欧文说:“来自美国的一个新潮词进入了我们的日常用语。”“这说明,现在人们使用的书面语越来越口语化。”这项由柯林斯字典发起的新词评选活动于今年6月启动,主要面向公众征集他们在日常生活中经常使用的一些新词语。其它提交的新词包括jargonaut(爱用术语的人)、frenemy(伪善朋友)和huggles(hugs 和snuggles的合成词)等。 /200811/56584

Think of the last time a song really moved you, or meant something to you. Listening to and playing music stimulates many different sections of the brain, affecting us physically as well. Why are we as humans so connected to music?Making music is one of our most basic instincts. There's a reason we refer to music as the "universal language"; there has been no known human culture without music. Dancing and music came before agriculture, and possibly even before language. Bone flutes were found in Europe dating back 53,000 years ago. The head of the Biomusic program at the National Academy of the Sciences, Patricia Gray, and her colleagues comment, "The fact that whale and human music have so much in common even though our evolutionary paths have not intersected for 60 million years suggests that music may predate humans-that rather than being the inventors of music, we are latecomers to the musical scene." (Leutwyler)Music and ChildhoodWe begin life being affected by music; babies first begin to respond to music while still in the womb. Whether or not it's true, everyone has heard that playing classical music for your baby supposedly helps him or her become smarter. A study done in the ed Kingdom concluded that children are able to recognize and even prefer music that they had heard while in the womb up to three months before birth. Although the genera of music made no difference, the babies who were exposed to songs with a faster tempo showed a stronger preference for that song than those who had heard something slower. ("Babies Remember Music Heard in the Womb") Researchers have also found that the playing of soft background music or a mother's humming actually helps premature babies. Those who are subjected to the music tend to gain weight faster and are able to leave hospitals earlier than those who aren't. (Cromie, "Music on the Brain")However, the study in the UK uncovered no links between babies listening to music and increased intelligence or brain development. Another experiment at the University of California at Irvine compared the puzzle-solving abilities of 3-year-olds who were given piano lessons with the ability of others who sang, used computers, or did nothing. The children studying piano were better at the puzzles. Also, high school students with a musical background seem to do better on their SATs. (Cromie, "How Your Brain Listens to Music") Whether it's natural intelligence that helps the children excel in both music and math, or the music that helps develop other areas, you can't deny the benefits of a musical background.On the other end of the spectrum, it's possible that some music and/or lyrics could be bad for children and adolescents. The lyrics of today's popular music are increasingly explicit. A study on mass media and adolescents showed that a group of "14- to 16-year olds in 10 different southeastern cities showed that they listened to music an average of 40 hours per week." ("Impact of Music Lyrics...") Obviously, the music they are listening to plays a large part in their lives, especially influencing self-identity. So any bad influences in the music would have a very direct effect on the adolescent.Several other experiments mentioned in the American Academy of Pediatrics' policy statement on the "Impact of Music Lyrics and Music Videos on Children and Youth" supported this idea. One study from Sweden found that children who developed a preference to rock music were more likely to be influenced by their peers than by their parents. Others showed links between a predilection for heavy metal and detrimental behaviors, including taking drugs, suicide risk, alienation, and other risk-taking habits. The AAP doesn't support the idea of censorship, but strongly encourages parents to monitor what their children are listening to. We have to ask, should we as a society look at the results of these effects on adolescents and call for regulation in the music industry?Music and the MindWilliam J. Cromie, writer for the Harvard Gazette, explains how we our brain listens to music. "Your inner ear contains a spiral sheet that the sounds of music pluck like a guitar string. This plucking triggers the firing of brain cells that make up the hearing parts of your brain. At the highest station, the auditory cortex, just above your ears, these different firing cells create the conscious experience of music. Different patterns...excite other cells, and these associate the sound of music with feelings, thoughts, and past experiences." (Cromie, "How Your Brain Listens to Music") This is just a generalized statement; the actual processes that go on are very complicated, and we don't really know all that much about them.No single portion of the brain seems completely dedicated to our perception of music. The right side of the brain is generally associated with music and the arts, but studies done on people who have suffered brain damage show that both the right and left side play a part in musical perception. While the right side is crucial for pitch, melody, timbre, and harmony, the left side takes care of changes in intensity and frequency. Both sides need to be working together in order to correctly understand rhythm. Also, sections of the brain relating to music affect other things. For example, the part of the brain having to do with perfect pitch additionally effects speech perception. (Cromie, "Music on the Brain") Interestingly, parts of your motor system react when you are simply thinking about a rhythm, even when you're not moving.Damage to the temporal lobes, which are part of the cerebrum and lie at the sides of the brain, can cause a disorder referred to as Amusia. People may have trouble with rhythms, recognizing melodies, singing, or playing an instrument. Sometimes the damage can cause little or no problems with hearing speech or other sounds; just music.Carol Krumhansl of Cornell University found that different types of music directly trigger different emotions. While happiness causes you to breathe faster, sadness causes a rise in blood pressure and temperature and a slower pulse. Faster music played in a major key caused the same physical reactions associated with happiness, and slower music played in a minor key resulted in those associated with sadness. (Leutwyler) This also evokes the question of whether or not minor keys naturally sound "bad" or undesirable to everyone, or if it's simply what we've been socialized to think through the music we're used to in our particular cultures.Music and IntelligenceMusic is often used as a learning tool. If only we could memorize notes for a test as easily as we memorize popular songs on the radio! Music with a tempo of around 60 beats-per-minute can activates both the left and right sides of the brain, which assists in processing more information at once. Singing and playing an instrument also has this effect.Listening to music that induces relaxation, such as "Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major," before taking a test has been proven to temporarily enhance IQ and improve scores. This has since been named "The Mozart Effect." However, the effects of the music seemed to last only 10 to 15 minutes. The original experiment, published in 1993, has been under scrutiny ever since. Other researchers have tried to repeat similar tests, but have not gotten such positive results. After attempting a complete re-do of the first Mozart Effect test, scientists at Appalachian State University stated, "...there is little evidence to support basing intellectual intervention on the existence of the Mozart effect." (qtd. in Chudler)Dr. George Lozanov, a psychologist from Bulgaria, used classical music at about 60 beats per minute to devise a better way of learning a foreign language. Using this method, students "could learn up to one half of the vocabulary and phrases for the whole school term (which amounts to almost 1,000 words or phrases) in one day." (O'Donnell) The student's retention rate was an incredible 92%, and he managed to prove that entirelanguages could be learned fairly well within thirty days with this approach!A separate study performed in Texas tested the effect of music on vocabulary memorization among graduate students. The students were divided into three groups; two groups studied with "Water Music" by Handel playing in the background, one being asked to imagine the words while studying, the other group not. The third group was a control and wasn't asked to do anything. Groups 1 and 2 had consistently better test scores than group 3, and group 1 did better than group 2. (O'Donnell) /200810/54149

If you want to lose a guy in 10 days, like Kate Hudson did with Matthew McConaughey, you can. Of course, they really did end up together after their ten days was up. It was only done for a magazine article anyway, so if you want to do this for real, then follow these steps. Remember, the easiest way to break up with someone is just to tell them "I don't want to be with you anymore." This requires a lot less effort, and is guaranteed to work.Steps1. Never say "I love you", "please", or "thank you". Don't discuss your future and constantly talk about other hot guys. Talk about your ex-boyfriend if you had one. That will really piss him off and hit him in the heart2. Try avoiding his phone calls, e-mails, and instant messages.3. When you do talk to him, be extremely boring so that he won't want to call.4. Say you are busy, act busy like you have a lot of things to do, lots of errands to run, working late or different extra hours, come home extra late, or or running late or whatever.5. Try to pick every little detail and fight with him over it, insult him, tell him he is dirty and things he says hurts your feelings, if you got a geeky guy, he is a leach and hard to get rid of, he will take your insults as compliments and think you are turning him on. Geeky guys are the hardest to get rid of, the popular boys and the sporty ones are really easy to get rid of.6. Pull excuses about work or a friend or running an extra errand than you forgot to do and that you have extra dishes and chores and more cooking to do, and if he asks to help you or clean for you or run your errands for you, he knows exactly what you are doing and he knows that you are trying to play him off.7. Embarrass him in public. Make a burp or a fart joke about him or ask him tons of annoying personal questions.8. Have more fun with your friends than you do with him, and make sure he knows it.9. Avoid physical affection. If he thinks he's not going to get anywhere sexually with you, he may want to move on.Tips* Instead of avoiding and ignoring him, you could be very clingy, to the point where you're suffocating him. This could also make him dump you.* Sleeping with his best friend is a good way to hit the nail on the head, but be public about it. Basically, make sure his friend is a keeper.Warnings* He'll dump you like you wanted and he might seek some sweet revenge. 你真的希望像《十日拍拖手册》里的Kate Hudson那样甩掉男友?电影里的Kate Hudson的确是做到了,所以这对你来说也并不困难。电影归电影,现实生活还是有些不同的,相信这篇文章会更适合你。记住:分手最简单的方法是直接告诉他“与你在一起真的很没意思,我们还是分手吧”。省时省力高效。【准则】1.“请”,“谢谢”,“我爱你”之类的话就不要说了。你们之间的未来也无需与他讨论。当然,常与他谈论一下身边的大帅哥倒是个很不错的选择,你的前任男友也会是个好话题。这些会让他又恼又伤心。2.不接他的电话,不回他的电邮,不理他的MSN消息。3.即使偶尔与他通电话——话题能多么无聊,就多么无聊,尽情地发挥吧。估计下次他也懒的打了。4.告诉他你很忙,也装着很忙——总有一大堆事情要做,老板总让你跑腿,总是加班,回家很晚……5. 睁大眼睛去挑他的小毛病吧,每件鸡毛蒜皮的小事都能成为吵架的好理由。顺便侮辱他,抱怨他很脏,说话总是让你伤心。但是,如果他是那种超级无敌大贱男—— 根本无法区分侮辱与赞扬,甚至以为你这是在挑逗他。那你可就要小心了,通常这类人最难甩,相比之下,那些万人迷、漂亮朋友简直是不堪一击。6.工作上的事情、好友的约会、有事忘记办、家务事、做饭等都可以成为你拒绝他约会的借口,如果他执意要帮忙——他会清楚意识到你其实是在玩他。7.让他当众出丑。谈论他的那些囧事。问他一堆恼人的私人问题。8.在回避他的同时,多参加些朋友们的活动。也别忘记让他知道这一事实。9.拒绝他的一切性要求。若他意识到再也不可能与你缠绵,那离他走人的日子也就不远了。【友情提示】你做的这些行为也许会让你变得非常依赖他,这也可能促使他与你分手。与他好哥们的一夜情可以正中他的要害,前提是此人能够保密,然后你自己把这事捅出去。【警告】分手是必然的。他可能还会实施一些“甜蜜的复仇”。 /200812/58245

英国:外交部警告游客不要在穆斯林国家发生婚外性行为Holidaymakers to the ed Arab Emirates have been told not to have sex outside marriage or kiss in public in strong government warnings over how to behave in Muslim countries.The advice, which goes further than the traditional admonition for women to dress modestly, follows allegations of drunken sex romps. The Foreign Office is worried that increasing numbers of tourists will get into trouble abroad as they the travel to less traditional holiday destinations and fall foul of local laws and customs.The number of Britons going to Egypt this year increased by 38% and toTurkey by 32% and similar rises are expected in 2009 as more Britons look outside the eurozone to make their holiday money go further. Warnings about modesty are also given to those planning to visit the Kenya coast and rural areas of Malaysia .Travellers to several countries are warned about their strong anti-drug laws as well as no-tolerance attitudes towards excessive drinking. The government says embassies regularly deal with Britons who have failed to take enough money, telling holidaymakers to ensure they have back-up emergency funds and sufficient insurance.The Foreign Office aly supports 75,000 Britons in difficulties abroad each year, from visiting those in hospital or arrested to rescuing them from forced marriage, in addition to dealing with 3 million consular inquiries. Julian Braithwaite, director of consular services, said: " If people don't research their destinations before they go , it could do more than spoil their holiday. What's normal in reports in Spain or Greece are not necessarily acceptable in Turkey or Egypt."The warning come in the 2009 Travel Trends Report, written with travel association Abta, which tries to be positive about holidays next year. "Many experts believe travel lags about six months behind the rest of the economy. Holidays are one of the last things consumers will cut when it comes to discretionary spend but no one in the travel industry is under any illusion that 2009 is going to be anything other than challenging."The report, an addition to the Foreign Office's Know Before You Go campaign, carries results of a poll 0f more than 2,100 adults commissioned from YouGov, which suggests about one in five fears they or their partner will lose their jobs before their next holiday and a similar proportion feel going abroad is a luxury they might not be able to afford next year. Nearly one in eight are not planning a holiday at all, and one in nine will only holiday in the UK. More than half all those questioned in November thought the pound was going to get even weaker — a belief that has aly been confirmed.Although European favourites such as France and Spain will continue to be most popular with tourists even in a recession and with the strongeuro, Mexico, Croatia, Israel, the Caribbean , Australia and Poland are expected to be other holiday hotspots. Iceland is seen as increasingly attractive following its own financial crisis. with a beer now the equivalent of about pound;2.50 instead of pound;7 and the cost of a meal out tumbling to a third of what it was.The report is upbeat about the US remaining popular, with a combination of the Obama Effect and the US's own dire economic straits could mean it remains a significant destination. The plummeting pound is bound to have "a slight impact" on demand, it concedes , but adds that the last time there had been a two-dollar exchange rate was 1981, and that prices and the cost of living in the US is beginning to fall too. An Obama boom may also help Kenya's tourist numbers, because of the next US president's family connections.Around 50,000 couples are thought to have got married abroad this year, and the exotic locations, warmer climate and economy (nuptials abroad cost an average pound;6,000 instead of the pound;15-20,000 in Britain), are likely to see this figure rise. Another rising trend will be "posh camping" in teepees or semi-permanent structures with built-in bathrooms. /200901/60322

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